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MINI 07 - ChemoRT and Translational Science (ID 110)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI07.09 - Incorporating Erlotinib Into Chemoradiation Therapy for Unresectable Stage IIIA/B NSCLC: Interim Results of Ongoing Phase II Randomized Trial (ID 1761)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): S.J. Yoon
Combined chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) improves long-term outcome of patients (pts) with unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, most pts die from distant failure due to preexisting occult metastases. Based on the premise that EGFR-TKI would improve the outcome of pts with stage III NSCLC that harbors sensitive EGFR mutations, as for the pts with stage IV NSCLC, we initiated a randomized phase II pilot trial that incorporated erlotinib (E) into CCRT treatment paradigms.
Eligible pts over 18 years old with unresectable stage IIIA or IIIB NSCLC, ECOG PS 0–1, and adequate organ function were screened for EGFR mutation in axons 18–21 in the tumor sample. Those with EGFR mutation (+) tumors were randomized upfront to receive 3 cycles of 3-weekly E 150 mg/day treatment, and then either E x2 cycles concurrently with CCRT and x6 more cycles after CCRT (Arm A) or CCRT with 2 cycles of irinotecan-cisplatin (IP) but no additional therapy after CCRT (Arm B). When disease progression (PD) is documented during follow-up, E was re-instituted. Pts with EGFR mutation (-) or unknown tumors were randomized to receive either 3 cycles of IP induction followed by CCRT concurrently with 2 cycles of IP (Arm C) or CCRT with IP x2 first then consolidation with IP x3 (Arm D). IP chemo dose-schedule was irinotecan 60 mg/m and cisplatin 30mg/m iv on days 1 and 8 when given concurrently with RT (2.4 Gy/fx, total 60 Gy); irinotecan 65 mg/m and cisplatin 30 mg/m iv on days 1 and 8 when given every 3 weeks as induction or consolidation. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR), toxicity, and overall survival (OS).
From 02/2008 to 03/2015, 59 pts (44 men and 8 women) with median age of 62 years (range: 37-78) were enrolled. There were 13 never smokers, 28 had adenocarcinoma, and 44 had IIIB tumors. EGFR mutation was (+) in 12, (-) in 28, and unknown in 19. There was apparent imbalance in histology and smoking status between the pts assigned to Arms A&B and C&D. ORR after induction E therapy was 75.0% for the 12 pts with EGFR mutation(+) tumors (Arm A, n=7; B, n=5). ORR after IP induction therapy was 63.6% for pts with EGFR mutation(-) or unknown tumors in Arm C (n=22). After completion of upfront CCRT therapy with IP in Arm D (n=25), ORR was 68.0%. There were no noticeable unusual side-effects. Median PFS for Arm A, B, C, and D, was 11.84, 8.09, 8.36, and 11.81 months respectively, with a trend toward better OS for pts with EGFR mutation(+) tumors (Arm A: not reached, B: 31.18 mos) than those EGFR mutation(-) or unknown tumors (Arm C: 17.93 mos, Arm D: 25.33 mos).
The combined-modality treatment by molecular diagnostics is feasible in stage III NSCLC patients. Although the number is rather small, pts with EGFR mutation (+) tumors seem to be a distinct subset with better overall survival than the others, which warrants careful consideration in chemoradiation therapy trial design and outcome evaluation.
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