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MINI 06 - Quality/Prognosis/Survival (ID 111)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI06.14 - The Impact of Serum EGFR Levels on Survival of Resected Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 3237)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): Y. Oltulu
Lung cancer is an important cause of cancer mortality. Mutations of the EGFR gene may cause deranged activation leading to cell proliferation and the inhibition of apoptosis and metastases. Screening for EGFR mutation plays a key role for managements of lung cancer cases. The aim of our study is to determine a possible relationship between EGFR gene mutations in exon 19,20,21, along with serum EGFR levels and non small cell lung cancer.
A total of 35 patients; 29 (%82.9) male and 6 (%17.1) female with non small cell lung cancer who underwent surgical resection between February 2011 and July 2013 were analyzed.Mean age of the patients was 60.1(41-79) Mediastinoscopy was performed to all patients prior to the resection. Lobectomy, pneumonectomy and bilobectomy were performed to 30(%85.7), 4(%11.4) and 1 (%2.9) patients respectively. The most common tumour histopathology was adenocarcinoma(%55.6). EGFR gene mutations were analyzed for exon 19,20 and 21 by direct sequencing. In addition, serum EGFR levels were determined by ELISA in non small cell lung cancer patients and control group
Exon 19,20 and 21 aminoacid substitutions that could cause significant mutations were detected.At exon 19,20 and 21, totally 17 mutations were detected in 10 different regions.One of these mutations were (2237-MT) E746- T751>V, E746-T751VA, E746-S752>V on exon 19. In one sample 5 different regions of exon 20 mutations were detected. On exon 21 two mutations that cause aminoacid changes were detected which includes Leu 861 Gln ve Leu 861 Arg. In our study there was no significant difference in survival rates between the cases who have EGFR mutations or who have not(p=0.21). Serum EGFR average levels of non small cell lung cancer patients and healthy control groups were calculated respectively as, 341,49±125,41 pg/ml ve 574,9±125,96 pg/ml and the difference was found statistically significant (p<0,001). According to the EGFR levels survival rate at 3 years was %45 and mean survival time is 19 (%95 confidence interval :14-29 months)and 23 (%95 confidence interval 18-29 months)month in patients with serum EGFR levels higher and lower than 400 pg/ml respectively. The patients with high serum EGFR levels (>400 pg/ml) have better survival time than the ones who had low serum EGFR levels (p=0.04).
EGFR mutation did not lead to survival difference in resected patients with lung adenocarcinoma.. However, survival of patients with higher serum EGFR levels seems better. The modus operandi of this effect and validation of the data need further studies.
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