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MINI 06 - Quality/Prognosis/Survival (ID 111)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI06.07 - High Incidence of PD-L1 Expression in Surgically Resected Pulmonary Lymphoepithelioma-Like Carcinoma Is Linked to Prognosis (ID 1495)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): H. Zhao
Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare and distinct type of primary lung cancer which is characterized by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The prognostic significance of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in pulmonary LELC remains poorly understood.
A total of 113 surgically resected pulmonary LELC in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2008 and December 2012 were included. Paraffin-embedded tumor sections were stained with PD-L1 antibody. H score were calculated by multiplying the percentage of positively stained cells by an intensity score. Tumors with >5% PD-L1 expression were deemed PD-L1 positive. The mRNA level of latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) were determined by RT-PCR. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS).
The positive rate of PD-L1 was 74.3%. Patients with PD-L1 (+) tumor were significantly younger than those with PD-L1 (-) (median age, 50 vs 58 years; p = 0.008). High PD-L1 expression (H-score > 30) was associated with impaired DFS (median: 33.8 months vs not reached; p = 0.008) compared with low PD-L1 expression (Figure 1). Multivariate analysis shows that PD-L1 expression level (p = 0.014), N stage (p = 0.039) and M stage (p= 0.024) were independent prognostic factors for DFS. N stage and M stage but not PD-L1 expression level were significantly associated with OS (Figure 2). Also, LMP1 mRNA level was significantly associated with PD-L1 expression level (p < 0.001).Figure 1Figure 2
Our results reveal higher incidence of PD-L1 expression in pulmonary LELC than common lung cancer, which may be linked to EBV burden. PD-L1 was a negative prognostic factor for DFS but was not associated with OS in surgically resected pulmonary LELC. These findings may provide a rationale for immunotarget therapy in this virus-associated lung cancer.
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