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MINI 06 - Quality/Prognosis/Survival (ID 111)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI06.02 - T1a Lung Adenocarcinomas: Presence of Spread of Tumor through Alveolar Spaces (STAS), Micropapillary and Solid Patterns Determines Outcomes (ID 3068)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): K.M. Woo
Our previous reports highlighting the significance of presence of micropapillary (MIP) (JNCI 2013), STAS- spread of tumor through alveolar spaces (JTO 2015), and predominant solid (SOL) (Modern Pathol 2011) histological subtype as poor prognostic markers in stage I lung adenocarcinomas (ADC) are reproduced by others. In this study, we hypothesized that presence of STAS, MIP or SOL patterns (≥5%) in small stage I lung ADC (≤2 cm) is a marker of invasion and poor prognosis, and can influence the recurrence patterns based on the type of surgical resection – lobectomy (LO) versus limited resection (LR).
All available tumor slides from patients with therapy-naive, surgically resected small (≤ 2cm), solitary stage I lung ADC were reviewed (1995-2011; n = 909). STAS was defined as isolated tumor cells within alveolar spaces separate from the main tumor. MIP and SOL patterns were considered present in the tumor when it comprised ≥5% of the overall tumor. Cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR; any types, locoregional or distant) was estimated using a cumulative incidence function. Differences in CIR between groups were assessed using Gray’s method.
Figure 1 The association of outcomes with the presence of STAS, MIP, or SOL patterns is shown in the table. The risk of developing any types of recurrence was significantly higher in patients with both STAS and MIP positive tumors than others (P < 0.001); and the risk of developing any types of recurrence was significantly lower in patients with both STAS and SOL negative tumors than others (P < 0.001). In the LR group, STAS, MIP and SOL patterns were independent prognostic factors for any types of recurrence (HR: 4.5, 1.4, and 1.3, respectively), locoregional recurrence (HR: 5.2, 1.3, and 1.3, respectively), and distant recurrence (HR: 3.1, 1.4, and 1.2, respectively).
Tumor STAS, presence of MIP and SOL patterns are independent risk factors of recurrence especially in the LR group of small stage I lung ADC patients. Importantly, of these factors, tumor STAS was the strongest predictor of locoregional recurrence in this group. These results suggest that the identification of STAS in small lung ADC may identify LR patients who need further management, one of which may be completion lobectomy.
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