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H. Kim



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    MINI 05 - EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer 1 (ID 103)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI05.06 - A Phase Ib/II Study of Afainib plus Nimotuzumab in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with Acquired Resistance to Gefitinib or Erlotinib (ID 667)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): H. Kim

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Afatinib (A) is a potent irreversible EGFR TKI and nimotuzumab (N) is a humanized anti-EGFR mAb. In this phase Ib/II study, we aimed to assess the safety and activity of A plus N in advanced NSCLC patients with acquired resistance to gefitinib or erlotinib.

      Methods:
      Major inclusion criteria were advanced NSCLC with activating EGFR mutation or disease control for at least six months with previous gefitinib or erlotinib therapy. In the phase Ib study using classic 3+3 dose escalation method, patients were treated with A 40mg/d or 30mg/d in combination with N 100mg/w or 200mg/w. One cycle was composed of 4 weeks of treatment. In the phase II study, patients were treated with A plus N in the level of RP2D defined in the phase Ib study.

      Results:
      Overall, fifty pts were enrolled and treated: 13 in phase Ib and 37 in phase II. At the starting dose level (A 40mg/d + N 100mg/w), one out of 6 pts experienced end-of-cycle 1 DLT (G3 diarrhea), and the dose was up to the next level of A 40mg/d + N 200mg/w. Out of 6 pts at this level, 2 pts experienced DLTs (G3 diarrhea and G3 neutropenia, respectively), and RP2D was accordingly determined as A 40mg/d + N 100mg/w. In the whole treatment duration of the phase II, there was no treatment related death and 10 pts (20%) experienced any grade 3 adverse event, including diarrhea and skin rash. Out of evaluable 50 pts in the phase Ib/II study, the response rate was 36% (18 achieved partial response out of 50) and the median PFS was 4.4 months (95% CI:3.2-5.5 months).

      Conclusion:
      A and N showed an acceptable safety profile and promising antitumor activity in advanced NSCLC patients with acquired resistance to gefitinib or erlotinib.

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    P2.04 - Poster Session/ Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing (ID 234)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Poster
    • Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
    • Presentations: 1
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      P2.04-004 - The BIM Deletion Polymorphism in Patients with EGFR-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (ID 1126)

      09:30 - 17:00  |  Author(s): H. Kim

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      A germline BIM deletion polymorphism has been proposed to predict poor treatment response to certain kinase inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the BIM deletion polymorphism predicts treatment efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in Korean patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC.

      Methods:
      Peripheral blood samples from a total of 205 patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC who were treated with EGFR TKIs between July 2008 and April 2013 were included. The incidence of BIM deletions in these samples was detected by polymerase chain reaction. We compared the clinical outcomes in patients with and without the polymorphism after treatment with EGFR TKIs (gefitinib or erlotinib).

      Results:
      The BIM deletion polymorphism was present in 15.6% (32/205) of patients. One patient was homozygous for the deletion, and the remaining 31 had heterozygous deletions. The majority of patients were < 65 years old (74%), female (68%), never smokers (76%), and had stage IV NSCLC (67%). There were no associations between the BIM deletion polymorphism and clinicopathological features including gender, age, smoking status, histology, stage, and number of metastasis sites. Patients with and without the BIM deletion polymorphism had similar ORRs (91% vs. 84%, P = 0.585). Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) did not differ significantly between patients with and without the BIM deletion polymorphism (median PFS 12 vs. 11 months, P = 0.160; median OS 31 vs. 30 months, P = 0.452). Multivariate analysis identified significantly predictive markers for clinical outcomes of EGFR TKIs including ECOG PS 0-1, adenocarcinoma histology, recurrent disease, and EGFR mutation type. The results were validated in an independent cohort of 69 NSCLC patients.

      Conclusion:
      It remains to be determined whether the BIM deletion polymorphism provides intrinsic resistance or decreased sensitivity to EGFR TKIs in EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients.

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