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MINI 04 - Clinical Care of Lung Cancer (ID 102)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI04.14 - Comparative Survival in Patients with Brain Metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated before and after Implementation of Radiosurgery (ID 2862)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): J. Greenspoon
Survival after a diagnosis of brain metastases (BM) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is generally considered poor. We previously reported median survival of approximately 4 months in a cohort of patients treated with whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), the standard of care in many centres. Since that time, we implemented a program of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), based on randomized trials and large prospective series, supporting WBRT + SRS or SRS alone in selected patients. The current study examined survival and prognostic factors in a consecutive cohort of NSCLC BM patients after the introduction of an SRS program.
A retrospective review of 167 NSCLC patients referred with BM to a tertiary cancer centre from 2010-2012 (NEW cohort) was undertaken. These data were compared to a prior cohort of 91 patients treated between 2005 and 2007 (OLD cohort). Summary statistics were used to describe the patient characteristics as well as outcomes. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate time-to-event outcomes for overall survival (OS), from the time of BM diagnosis. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to investigate factors prognostic for outcomes. An optimal model was constructed using forward stepwise selection, and tests were two-sided with a p-value <0.05 deemed statistically significant.
Overall survival from diagnosis of BM (median 4.3 months NEW vs 3.9 months OLD p=0.74) was not significantly different between cohorts. A univariate analysis of the NEW cohort demonstrated significant differences in OS between treatment groups (SRS, WBRT + SRS, WBRT or no treatment), in terms of female gender (p=0.034), lack of neurological symptoms (p=0.001), number of BM (p<0.001), GPA (p=0.001), and ECOG status at BM (p=0.009). Treatment regimen with SRS or WBRT + SRS was significant as a prognostic factor for OS as well (p<0.001). Results were similar if one excluded the no treatment group. As some factors were not collected in the OLD cohort, a separate model was constructed including only data available from both cohorts. After adjusting for factors included in the optimal model, cohort was not statistically significant for OS (hazard ratio=1.03, 95% CI 0.90-1.59; p =0.88). There was a trend towards improved OS in the NEW vs OLD cohorts in patients <50 years of age (median 11.8 vs 7.5 months, p=0.39) and 50-59 years of age (median 7.8 vs 3.7 months, p=0.052); this trend reversed to favour the OLD vs NEW cohort in patients >70 (4.3 vs 2.8 months, p=0.01). This was coincident with increased uptake of chemotherapy (p<0.001) and better ECOG status (p=0.007) in younger age groups in the NEW versus OLD cohort.
There has been no improvement in survival of NSCLC patients with BM, following the implementation of SRS. Selected patients (younger age, female gender, good fitness, fewer brain metastases) appear to demonstrate improved OS with SRS. However, this may also reflect a better natural history of the disease, or a greater tendency to offer them systemic therapy, in addition to receipt of SRS.
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