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MS 09 - Worldwide Perspective/Review of Limitations, Resources, Programs and Accomplishments of Supportive Care and Palliative Care Multidisciplinary Teams, by Continent (ID 27)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Symposium
- Track: Palliative and Supportive Care
- Presentations: 1
MS09.08 - Supportive Care and Palliative Care in Europe (ID 1888)
14:15 - 15:45 | Author(s): J. Herrstedt
The major societies of Supportive and Palliative Care in Europe are the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC), the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC). Supportive Care is defined by MASCC as: “Supportive Care in Cancer is the prevention and management of the adverse effects of cancer and its treatment. This includes management of physical and psychological symptoms and side effects across the continuum of the cancer experience from diagnosis through anticancer treatment to post-treatment care. Enhancing rehabilitation, secondary cancer prevention, survivorship and end of life care are integral to Supportive Care .” Palliative Care is defined by EAPC as: “Palliative Care is the active, total care of the patients whose disease is not responsive to curative treatment. Control of pain, of other symptoms, and of social, psychological and spiritual problems is paramount. Palliative Care is interdisciplinary in its approach and encompasses the patient, the family and the community in its scope. In a sense, palliative care is to offer the most basic concept of care – that of providing for the needs of the patient wherever he or she is cared for, either at home or in the hospital. Palliative care affirms life and regards dying as a normal process; it neither hastens nor postpones death. It sets out to preserve the best possible quality of life until death .” ESMO took a stand on Supportive and Palliative Care in 2003 as follows: “Supportive Care’ is defined as care that aims to optimize the comfort, function and social support of the patients and their family at all stages of the illness. This dimension of care emphasizes the oncologist’s role in optimizing quality of life for all patients, including those with potentially curative illness.” “Palliative Care’ is defined as care that aims to optimize the comfort, function and social support of the patients and their family when cure is not possible. This dimension of care emphasizes the special needs of patients whose illness is either unlikely to be cured or that is incurable. These needs include physical and psychological symptom control, education and optimization of community supports .” These definitions are summarized in the Figure. The definitions all respect the recent trend of early integration of Palliative Care in patients with advanced cancer. Two randomized studies showed a survival benefit  or an improvement in some quality of life parameters , whereas a recent randomized study was unable to demonstrate any benefit of early integration of Palliative Care . Recently MASCC, ESMO and EAPC joint forces and completed two surveys to disclose the use of existing palliative care programs in Europe. The result of these surveys will be summarized [7, 8]. Figure 1 References 1. MASCC homepage accessed July 7, 2015 - http://www.mascc.org/about-mascc 2. EAPC homepage accessed July 7, 2015 - http://www.eapcnet.eu/Corporate/AbouttheEAPC/Definitionandaims.aspx 3. Cherny NI, Catane R, Kosmidis P et al. ESMO takes a stand on supportive and palliative care. Ann Oncol 2003;14:1335-1337. 4. Temel N, Greer JA, Muzikansky A et al. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. N Engl J Med 2010;363:733-42. 5. Zimmerman C, Swami N, Krzyzanowska M et al. Eraly palliative care for patients with advanced cancer: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2014;383:1721-30. 6. Groenvold M, Petersen MA, Damkier A et al. The Danish palliative care trial (DanPaCT), a randomised trial of early palliative care in cancer: results of the primary analysis. EAPC 14th World Congress May 8-10, 2015: abstract PL7. 7. Davis MP, Strasser, F, Cherny N. How well is palliative care integrated into cancer care? A MASCC, ESMO and EAPC project. Support Care Cancer DOI 10.1007/s00520-015-2630-z 8. Davis MP, Strasser F, Cherny N, Levan N. MASCC/ESMO/EAPC survey of palliative care programs. Support Care Cancer 2015;23:1951-1968.
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