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ORAL 08 - Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Control and Lung Cancer (ID 94)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Prevention and Tobacco Control
- Presentations: 1
ORAL08.07 - Primary Prevention of Lung Cancer in Poland - Successes and Challenges (ID 2398)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): K. Przewoźniak
In the 1990s Poland was among countries with the highest tobacco exposure and catastrophically high lung cancer mortality. Within the past two decades this situation has dramatically improved as a result of comprehensive national tobacco-control programs. We present the current tobacco exposure and
Data on trends in cigarette consumption, smoking rates and lung cancer mortality were analyzed using the per capita sale of manufactured cigarettes, results of nation-wide questionnaire surveys conducted in adult (15+) population, and standardized mortality rates from lung cancer, respectively.
Between 1995 and 2013 annual cigarette sales in Poland decreased from 101 billion to 47 billion. The proportion of smokers among men dropped from 65% in 1980 to 28% in 2013, and among women from 32% to 18%, respectively. If this trend continues, the cigarette consumption per capita in Poland in 2040 will fall to the level of the 1920s. The age-standardized mortality rates per 100,000 from lung cancer in men declined from 71.1 in 1990 to 56.2 in 2010. The pattern of changes in lung cancer mortality among young Polish men became similar to that observed two decades earlier in the Unites States (Figure). However, Poland is still facing several challenges. Between 2003 and 2012 tobacco production in Poland increased by 90%, of which around two-thirds is exported. There is a persistently high proportion of smoking women, with almost a gender parity in the 35-44 age bracket (34% and 32% in women and men, respectively). Polish middle-aged women belong to the most common smokers in the European Union. The mortality rates from lung cancer among women are still on the rise. Since 2010 lung cancer has become the leading cause of death among women in Poland. Today, differences in smoking rates and lung cancer mortality are mainly generated by education and financial status, and not by gender. Figure 1
There is an apparent need for further tobacco control efforts in Poland, including enforcement of the effective legislative measures (pictorial health warnings, plain cigarette packages, banning the sale of aromatic and ‘slim’ cigarettes) and implementation of tailored population-based preventive programs for women and socially unprivileged populations.
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