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G. El Nahhas
ORAL 08 - Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Control and Lung Cancer (ID 94)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Prevention and Tobacco Control
- Presentations: 1
ORAL08.05 - Impact of an Inpatient Tobacco Cessation Service (ID 1557)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): G. El Nahhas
Cigarette smoking is responsible for 85% of all lung cancers and about 1/3rd of all cancer deaths. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of getting lung cancer and other serious health problems. In 2012, the Joint Commission (JC) which sets quality standards for hospitals in the United States recommended that all current smokers identified upon hospitalization receive tobacco cessation services as an inpatient and be followed up after hospital discharge. However, few hospitals implement JC standards due to extra costs, the voluntary nature of the standards, and the lack of evidence demonstrating financial benefits to the hospital and insurers. In 2014, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), a major tertiary care hospital in South Carolina, implemented an automated in-hospital smoking cessation program using interactive voice recognition (IVR) technology to follow-up with patients after discharge consistent with JC standards. This study reports on the results of the program over the first 12 months of operation between February 17, 2014 and January 31, 2015.
Descriptive statistics are used to report on the number of patients screened, number of tobacco using patients seen by a bedside tobacco counselor while hospitalized, the number of tobacco using patients followed-up 3, 14, and 30 days after discharge, and the rate of unplanned hospital readmissions within a month of discharge.
A total of 30,846 patients aged 18 and older were screened for tobacco on hospital admission and 18% were identified current smokers. Of the 5,546 identified smokers, 2008 (36%) were approached by a single bedside counselor while hospitalized; 29% were unavailable for counseling for various reasons (e.g., discharged, too sick, not in room, deceased), 11% refused counseling, and 3% reported to the bedside counselor that they were non-tobacco users. A total of 4,197 tobacco using patients were enrolled into the automated telephone follow-up to assess smoking status and offer triage to the state quitline for those who wanted help. A total of 1,378 (33%) responded to at least one of the follow-up calls by one month, with 31% reporting that they were not smoking (10% classified as not smoking if non-responders are counted as smoking). The one month nonsmoking rate was 44% (19% based on intent to treat) in those seen by the bedside counselor compared to 24% (7% based on intent to treat) in those merely followed by phone. Unplanned 30-day hospital readmission rates were 9.1% for patients seen by the bedside counselor as compared with 15.7% for patients who did not receive bedside counseling based on the first 6 months of the program.
An opt-out inpatient tobacco cessation service is feasible, can reduce relapse back to using tobacco after hospital discharge, and may reduce unplanned hospital readmissions.
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