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ORAL 08 - Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Control and Lung Cancer (ID 94)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Prevention and Tobacco Control
- Presentations: 1
ORAL08.03 - Smoking Cessation Before the Initiation of Chemotherapy in Metastatic NSCLC: Impact on Overall Survival (ID 1746)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): S. Chiasson
It is well documented that active smoking affects the overall mortality in lung cancer. Smoking cessation has been associated with better prognostic outcomes in patients with early stage non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and limited stage small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Smoking cessation impact in advanced stage NSCLC is less well characterized. We studied the benefit of smoking cessation, before the initiation of chemotherapy, on overall survival (OS) in advanced NSCLC.
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 306 patients with stage IV SCLC and NSCLC between 2008 and 2014 in our centre. The 237 NSCLC patients treated with at least one cycle of chemotherapy are the subjects of this study. Smoking status and smoking cessation duration at the chemotherapy initiation time, number of packs/years, comorbidities, histology, sites of metastases, type and number of cycles of chemotherapy were all collected. Never-smokers were defined by a smoking history of < 100 cigarettes during their entire lifetime. Survival curves were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard models were used for multivariable analyses.
Smoking cessation before the initiation of chemotherapy is associated with a better median overall survival of 16 vs 10 months (p=0.007). This is even seen in heavy smokers of > 30 pq/year, with a median OS of 15 vs 8 months (p=0.008). The multivariable analysis confirms that active smoking is an independent negative factor on survival (51% increase in the risk of death) after adjustment for gender, heart or vascular disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, ECOG performance status, histology, site of metastases (brain, liver, adrenals, lungs and bones). Figure 1
Smoking cessation, before the initiation of chemotherapy, is associated with a better overall survival in chemotherapy treated stage IV NSCLC patients, even in previously heavy smokers and after adjustments for comorbidities. This retrospective analysis demonstrates the possible magnitude of the effect of smoking cessation on treatment efficacy with a potential gain of 6 months in median overall survival. Efforts to encourage smoking cessation are likely beneficial even among this population of patients.
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