Virtual Library

Start Your Search

M. Behera



Author of

  • +

    MINI 29 - Meta Analyses and Trial Conduct (ID 156)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      MINI29.01 - Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Lung in the United States: Analysis of the National Cancer Database (NCDB) (ID 2747)

      18:30 - 20:00  |  Author(s): M. Behera

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common histological sub type of lung cancer and accounts for about 30% of all non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). We analyzed the NCDB, an oncology outcomes database administered by the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society, to study the epidemiology, patterns of care, outcomes and temporal changes in incidence of SCC.

      Methods:
      The NCDB was queried from 1998 to 2011 for SCC using ICD-O-3 codes. Temporal changes in incidence were estimated in intervals (1998-1999, 2000-2003, 2004-2007, 2008-2011). The univariate association with covariates between SCC and other subtypes of NSCLC was assessed using Chi-square test or ANOVA. The univariate (UV) and multivariable analysis (MV) with OS were conducted by Cox proportional hazards model and log-rank tests. All statistical analyses were conducted using SAS Version 9.3.

      Results:
      A total of 435,358 pts with SCC were included in the analysis and accounted for 28% of all NSCLC pts in NCDB. Pt characteristics: median age 70 (18-90 yrs); males 64%; whites 87%; academic centers 27%; metro locations 78%; government insured 72%; Charlson/Deyo comorbidity score (CDS) 0 in 55% and ≥2 in 15%, and stage III/IV- 34/31%. Chemotherapy was used in 39% of pts, radiation in 46% and surgery in 32%. Approximately 19% of the pts did not receive any of the three treatments. Incidence of SCC decreased over time (35%, 28%, 26%, 27%) vs. increasing trend in non-SCC (65%, 72%, 75%, 72%); p<0.001). The trend was similar across all races and sex. SCC was associated with a higher co-comorbidity burden than non-SCC across all stages (CDS 0: 55% vs. 62%; CDS 1: 31% vs. 27%; CDS ≥2: 15% vs. 11%; p<0.001). SCC was associated with inferior 5 yr survival vs. non-SCC in all stages (stage I- 30% vs. 41%, stage II- 16% vs. 21%, stage III- 8.5% vs.10%, stage IV- 1.9% vs. 2.5% respectively; p<0.0001). The 1 yr survival in stage IV SCC is 19.6% vs. 22.2% in non-SCC (p<0.0001). Males had worse survival (HR 1.11 (1.09-1.13; p<0.001). Pts at community centers had worse survival vs. academic centers (HR 1.27 (1.23-1.30; p<0.001). An increasing trend in chemotherapy use was observed (31% in 1998 to 43% in 2011) vs. a decreasing trend in use of radiation (52% in 1998 to 46% in 2011) and surgery (32% in 1998 to 27% in 2011). Chemotherapy was received by 48% of patients with stage IV SCC. Chemotherapy use across other stages: 0/I- 18%, II- 46%, III- 60%. Males were more likely to receive any treatment (OR 1.12 (1.08-1.15); p<0.001). Pts that received any treatment had significantly better 5 year survival than those who did not receive any (20.3% vs. 3.3%, p<0.0001)

      Conclusion:
      SCC accounted for 28% of all cases of NSCLC in the United States, was associated with higher comorbidities and a significantly worse survival compared to non-SCC of the lung. Chemotherapy was used in only 48% of pts with stage IV SCC.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    ORAL 05 - Surgery (ID 97)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      ORAL05.05 - Trimodality Therapy in the Treatment of Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A National Cancer Database Analysis (ID 2962)

      10:45 - 12:15  |  Author(s): M. Behera

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Significant controversy remains regarding the care of patients (pts) with clinical stage IIIA NSCLC. While multi-modality therapy is an acceptable strategy in selected pts, the optimal approach is not firmly established. We analyzed outcomes and predictors associated with trimodality therapy (TT) in the National Cancer Database (NCDB), an oncology outcomes database administered by the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society.

      Methods:
      The NCDB was queried from 2003-2011 for NSCLC pts diagnosed with stage IIIA-N2 disease and treated with chemotherapy and radiation (CRT). Data was extracted on patient demographics, tumor pathology, treatments and outcomes. Three cohorts of pts were studied - CRT only/no surgery (NS), CRT + lobectomy (L) and CRT + pneumonectomy(P). The univariate and multivariable analyses (MV) were conducted using Cox proportional hazards model and log rank tests. All analyses were performed using SAS Version 9.3.

      Results:
      A total of 29,584 pts were included in this analysis: NS-91.7%, L-7%, and P-1.5%. Pt characteristics: median age 66 years (yrs); males 56%; whites 86%; academic centers 27%; metro locations 78%; government insured 63%; Charlson/Deyo comorbidity score 0 in 66%. Pts < 60 yrs were more likely to receive TT- L (47%), P (60%) vs. NS (29%); p<0.001. Pts in academic centers were more likely to get TT than NS (42% vs. 25%). On MV analysis, L and P had significantly better survival vs. NS: HR 0.43 (0.38-0.48) and HR 0.57 (0.46-0.71) respectively; p <0.001. The median survival of L, P and NS were 44.5 m vs. 25.6 m vs. 15.7 m (p<0.001) and 5- year survival rates (SR) were 44% vs. 33% vs. 14% respectively. 30-day mortality was higher in P vs. L [7% vs. 2.6%; OR 0.26(0.16-0.45); p<0.001]. Pts with <2 lymph nodes (LN) had better survival than pts with >2 LNs in L (50% vs. 37%; 60m vs. 38.8m) but worse in NS (13.8% vs.16.4%; 15.3m vs.18.5m). On MV analysis of LNs, L had better survival than NS: HR 0.4 (0.35-0.46) in <2 LN pts and HR 0.56 (0.46-0.69) in ≥2 LN pts; p<0.001. In pts with <2 LN, L had better survival than P (60m vs. 25.5m; p<0.0001). L and P had better SR than NS in all ages: 48% vs.37% vs. 19% in ≤60 yrs; 42% vs. 30% vs.14% in 61-70 yrs, 36% vs.19% vs. 10% in >70 yrs.

      Conclusion:
      TT was utilized in less than 10% of pts with stage IIIA-N2 disease, suggesting high degree of pt selection. In this selected group, TT was associated with favorable outcomes relative to CRT alone.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.