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ORAL 03 - New Kinase Targets (ID 89)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:F. Blackhall, R. Juergens
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 10:45 - 12:15, Mile High Ballroom 4a-4f
ORAL03.05 - Clinical Outcomes with Pemetrexed-Based Systemic Therapy in RET-Rearranged Lung Cancers (ID 2813)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): R. Somwar
Previous series have shown that clinical benefit with pemetrexed-based systemic therapy can be durable in patients with ALK- and ROS1-rearranged lung cancers. The benefit of pemetrexed-based treatment in RET-rearranged lung cancers relative to other genomic subsets has not been explored.
A retrospective review of records of patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering between 2007-2014 was conducted. Eligibility criteria: pathologically-confirmed advanced (stage IIIB/IV) non-small cell lung carcinoma, treatment with pemetrexed as monotherapy or in combination with other systemic agents, documented evidence of a rearrangement involving RET, ROS1, or ALK, or a KRAS mutation. Screening for these alterations was performed via break apart fluorescence in situ hybridization, multiplex mutation hotspot testing (Sequenom), or next-generation sequencing (MSK-IMPACT, Illumina HiSeq). Progression-free survival (PFS) and time to progression (TTP) were calculated using Kaplan-Meier estimates from the date of initiation of pemetrexed-containing therapy, and overall survival (OS) from diagnosis of metastatic disease. Overall response rate (ORR, RECIST v1.1), PFS, TTP, and OS were compared between RET-rearranged lung cancers and control groups (ALK- and ROS1-rearranged and KRAS-mutant lung cancers).
Data from 104 patients (RET-rearranged n=17, ROS1-rearranged n=10, ALK-rearranged n=36, KRAS-mutant n=41) were evaluated. As expected, median pack-year cigarette smoking history significantly differed between groups (p<0.001): RET 0 (0-48 range), ROS1 0 (0-12), ALK 0 (0-74), KRAS 38 (0-93). Features such as line of pemetrexed therapy (first vs other, p=0.1186), type of therapy (platinum combination, non-platinum combination, vs single-agent, p=0.1435), and need for dose reduction (p=0.9772) did not differ between groups. ORR, TTP, PFS, and OS in RET-rearranged lung cancers were not significantly different compared to ALK- and ROS1-rearranged lung cancers, and improved compared to KRAS-mutant lung cancers (Table 1). Table 1. Clinical Outcomes of Pemetrexed-Based Therapy
RET ROS1 ALK KRAS p-value ORR 45% 78% 50% 26% 0.0242 Median TTP (months) NR (20-NR) 32 (14-NR) NR 7 (5-14) <0.001 ALK vs ROS1 vs RET (p=0.90); RET vs KRAS(p=0.009) Median PFS 20 (10-NR) 23 (14-NR) 24 (15-38) 6 (5-9) <0.001 ALK vs ROS1 vs RET (p=0.94); RET vs KRAS(p=0.002) Median OS NR (24-NR) NR (24- NR) 37 (30-63) 16 (13-29) <0.001 ALK vs ROS1 vs RET (p=0.43); RET vs KRAS(p=0.002)
Clinical benefit with pemetrexed-based therapy in RET-rearranged lung cancers can be durable and is comparable to ALK- and ROS1-rearranged lung cancers. Outcomes in RET-, ROS1-, and ALK-rearranged lung cancers were improved compared to KRAS-mutant lung cancers. Mechanisms responsible for pemetrexed sensitivity in these subsets should continue to be explored. Driver-independent factors such as smoking history may contribute to clinical benefit.
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