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MINI 01 - Pathology (ID 93)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:W.A. Franklin, A.G. Nicholson
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 10:45 - 12:15, Mile High Ballroom 2c-3c
MINI01.10 - Analysis of the Status of Lymphocyte Infiltration in Patients with NSCLC (ID 2292)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): E. Pets
Current evidence highlights the potential role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILS) as a prognostic factor in many types of tumors; in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), this relationship is not well determined. TILs are being studied with different methods such as immunohistochemistry and optical microscopy. The primary endpoint is to identify TILS in patients with NSCLC, classified as present or absent, and its relation to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Our secondary endpoint is to establish the relationship between the TILS and treatment received.
Retrospective and analytical case study of Instituto Oncológico de Córdoba, from 2004 to 2014. 166 patients with stage IIIB and IV NSCLC were analyzed. TILS are descriptively classified as present or absent. Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
59% of patients had adenocarcinoma and 41% squamous cell carcinoma. 70% were men. 82% were smokers. 58% of patients with squamous histology and 65% with adenocarcinoma, showed TILS. In relation to first-line chemotherapy, 63,8% of patients received carboplatin-paclitaxel (CP) and 36,2% gemcitabine-cisplatin (GC). Patients with adenocarcinom with TILS present had higher PFS and OS; 8.86 and 13.43 months respectively, compared to patients with absent, 3.78 and 7.9 months. These differences were statistically significant (PFS: p = 0.000002 and OS: p = 0.003). The patients with squamous cell carcinoma with TILS had 6.78 and 12 months PFS and OS respectively. Those who had infiltrated absent had a PFS of 3.96 months and OS of 6.37 months. These differences were also statistically significant (PFS: p = 0.003 OS p = 0.001).
Our study shows that patients whose pathological samples presented inflammatory infiltrate had higher OS and PFS. The presence of TILS could be used as an important prognostic factor in this patient population.
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