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P1.02 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Localized Disease – NSCLC (ID 209)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Poster
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 09:30 - 17:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B+C)
P1.02-033 - Pemetrexed plus Platinum as Adjuvant Therapy in Patients with Resected Lung Adenocarcinoma and Exploratory Biomarkers Analysis (ID 2524)
09:30 - 17:00 | Author(s): W. Shen
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death around the world. Currently, adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy is recommended as the standard treatment for patients with completely resected stage IB-IIIA NSCLC. Pemetrexed, a multitargeted antifolate agent, has been shown to have definite activity in non-squamous NSCLC and has proven to be efficacious in the first-line metastatic NSCLC. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of pemetrexed/ platinum in patients with completely resected lung adenocarcinoma and identify prognostic factors in this setting.
A retrospective study was performed in patients with completely resected stage IB-IIIA lung adenocarcinoma who received pemetrexed and a platinum as adjuvant therapy. Generally, pemetrexed 500mg/m2 d1 and cisplatin 30mg/ m2 day1-3 were administrated every 21-28 days for 4 cycles. Study endpoints included overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and treated-related toxicities. Immunohistochemical (IHC) was used to examine the protein expression of p53, thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), Lipocalin 2 and nm23-H1 in surgical resection specimens of 23 patients. The associations between protein expression level and clinical outcome were evaluated using cox proportional hazards model.
Between Feb. 2012 and Jan.2014, 49 patients were treated with pemetrexed-based chemotherapy. Median age 57(range35-79, years), males 47%; stage IB 41%, II 18%, IIIA 41%; ever smokers 35%; lobectomy 92%, wedge resection 8%. The completion of 4-cycle chemotherapy was 67.3%. Grade 3+ hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities were observed in 5 (10%) patients and 4 (8%) patients, respectively. The median PFS was 39.63 months (95%CI 26.55-52.71 months), and the median OS was unreachable. 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 95.9%, 93.6%, 83.2%, respectively. 1-, 2- and 3-year PFS rates were 93.9%, 75.3% and 56.8%, respectively. Of 23 patients measured by IHC, 19 expressed TS, 9 expressed p53, 10 expressed DHFR, and none expressed Lipocalin 2 or nm23-H1. No significant correlations of these protein expression and clinical outcome were observed.
The regimen of pemetrexed/platinum showed lower incidence rates of toxicities and promising treatment outcomes in patients with completely resected stage IB-IIIA lung adenocarcinoma. However,no prognostic biomarker was identified in our study, which may be related to the small sample size.
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