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W. Su



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    MINI 16 - EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer 2 (ID 130)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 2
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      MINI16.06 - AZD9291 in Pre-Treated T790M Positive Advanced NSCLC: AURA Study Phase II Extension Cohort (ID 943)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): W. Su

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      AZD9291 is an oral, potent, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI), selective for both EGFR-TKI-sensitizing (EGFRm) and T790M resistance mutations. The Phase I AURA study was a dose escalation/expansion study in patients with EGFRm positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had progressed after EGFR‑TKI treatment. The 80 mg once daily (qd) dose was chosen for further evaluation in a Phase II extension cohort of the AURA study, and in an additional Phase II study (AURA2). Here we report efficacy and safety of AZD9291 from the AURA study Phase II extension cohort (NCT01802632) in patients pre-treated with EGFR-TKI and with centrally confirmed T790M positive advanced NSCLC.

      Methods:
      Eligible patients had measurable disease, World Health Organization performance status (WHO PS) 0 or 1, and acceptable organ function; stable brain metastases were allowed. A mandatory tumor sample was taken after disease progression on the most recent line of therapy, for prospective confirmation of T790M positive status by central laboratory testing (cobas™ EGFR Mutation Test). Patients received AZD9291 at 80 mg qd until disease progression. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) according to RECIST 1.1 (assessed by independent central review, ICR). Secondary objectives included disease control rate (DCR), duration of response (DoR), progression-free survival (PFS), investigator-assessed ORR, and safety. Planned enrollment was 175 patients to give an estimate of the ORR with 95% CI within ±8%. Data cut-off was January 9, 2015 after all patients should have undergone the second tumor assessment.

      Results:
      201 patients were dosed in the extension cohort of the study; two patients without measurable disease at baseline by ICR were excluded from the evaluable-for-response set. By central testing, EGFR mutation subtypes were: T790M, 98%; Ex19del, 71%; L858R, 25%; other, 3%. Median age was 62 years; female, 66%; Asian, 57%; WHO PS 0/1/2, 34%/66%/1%; second/≥third-line, 30%/70%. At the data cut-off, median treatment exposure was 4.9 months and 168 patients remain on treatment. ORR by ICR was 58% (115/199; 95% CI 51, 65) and DCR was 92% (95% CI 87, 95). ORRs were similar across lines of therapy (second-line, 59.0% [36/61] vs ≥third-line, 57.2% [79/138]). Investigator-assessed ORR was 68% (137/201; 95% CI 61, 75). Median DoR and median PFS have not been reached (maturity 2% and 21%, respectively). The most common all-causality adverse events (AEs) were diarrhea, 41% (0.5% Gr≥3) and grouped rash terms 37% (0.5% Gr≥3); 42 (21%) patients experienced Gr≥3 AEs. Interstitial lung disease grouped terms were reported in five (2.5%) patients, one of which was fatal (0.5%) and considered possibly causally related to AZD9291 by the investigator. Eight patients (4%) discontinued treatment due to an AE. Updated results from a later data cut-off will be available for presentation.

      Conclusion:
      In the AURA study Phase II extension cohort, AZD9291 80 mg qd demonstrates clinical activity, manageable tolerability, and a low discontinuation rate in patients with centrally confirmed EGFR T790M positive advanced NSCLC that has progressed on or after EGFR‑TKI treatment. These data provide further validation of the results from the Phase I study cohorts.

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      MINI16.09 - Design, Execution, and Preliminary Biomarker Results from Paired Tumor Biopsy Cohorts of the AZD9291 AURA Trial (ID 941)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): W. Su

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) exhibits sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as erlotinib and gefitinib; however, acquired resistance eventually develops in most patients. The most common mechanism of TKI resistance is a second-site mutation in the EGFR kinase domain, T790M. AZD9291 is an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR-TKI with potency against both T790M resistance and sensitizing EGFR mutations. In the ongoing Phase I AURA study (NCT01802632), AZD9291 induced durable responses in patients with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs. We report results of paired biopsy cohorts of the AURA trial, reviewing modulation of key molecular biomarkers of AZD9291 activity in patient tumor samples.

      Methods:
      Two cohorts of patients on the AURA trial were consented for collection of paired tumor biopsies. These patients had a pre-study tumor biopsy with T790M positive tumor status confirmed by central laboratory EGFR testing (Cobas™ EGFR Mutation Test). Following 8 to 15 days of once daily AZD9291 treatment (80 or 160 mg), a post-dose tumor biopsy was obtained. Baseline and post-dose tumor tissue was processed for routine histology and pathologic evaluation. More than 100 viable tumor cells per sample were required for subsequent biomarker scoring. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor biopsies were profiled by immunohistochemistry with a suite of key pathway and tumor-relevant markers (phospho[p]-EGFR, pERK, pAKT, pS6, PD-L1, CD8). Matching plasma pharmacokinetic samples were also obtained for PK-PD correlations.

      Results:
      As of February 2015, 58 potential patients with an evaluable baseline biopsy were identified as candidates for post-dose biopsy collection. Sixteen of these patients did not proceed to an on-study biopsy as the identified lesions had regressed too substantially or were no longer considered suitable for re-biopsy, one patient was medically excluded from re-biopsy, and one patient’s sample was not available. In total, 40 patients supplied matched pre- and on-treatment biopsies. As of March 2015, paired tumor samples were available for QC from 26 of these 40 patients. Ten of these 26 biopsy specimens subsequently failed QC due to inadequate tumor content, leaving 16 paired tumor samples available for biomarker analyses, of which five have thus far been evaluated. AZD9291 treatment resulted in the inhibition of EGFR pathway components in the majority of post-treatment tumor biopsies. Tissue biomarker analyses are ongoing and updated data on evaluable biopsy pairs will be reported at the time of the congress.

      Conclusion:
      The completion of a paired biopsy cohort within the AURA trial was challenging due to the rapid onset of anti-tumor effects of AZD9291. Approximately 29% (17/58) of potentially eligible patients were unsuitable for the post-dose biopsy procedure due to tumor regression and 38% (10/26) of available post-dose biopsies were found to contain too little tumor for analysis. In the evaluable tumor pairs, pharmacodynamic modulation of the EGFR pathway was evident. Further biomarker analyses, including evidence of modulation of immune system markers, may help inform future combination strategies.

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    P1.01 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Advanced Diseases – NSCLC (ID 206)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Poster
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.01-075 - Phase III, Randomized, Double-Blind Trial of Bavituximab Plus Docetaxel in Previously Treated Stage IIIb/IV Non-Squamous NSCLC (SUNRISE) (ID 1581)

      09:30 - 17:00  |  Author(s): W. Su

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Exposed phosphatidylserine (PS) in the tumor microenvironment is highly immunosuppressive. PS binding to PS receptors on myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) and M2 macrophages leads to production of anti-inflammatory cytokines such as TGF-β and IL-10. Bavituximab, a first-in-class PS-targeting monoclonal antibody, counters these effects, resulting in production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-12, maturation of dendritic cells and induction of tumor specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immunity. Docetaxel has also been shown to suppress MDSCs while increasing tumor antigens and T-cell mediated cytotoxicity, thereby enhancing bavituximab’s immunomodulatory effects. In a prior double-blind Phase II trial in 2nd line non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, bavituximab 3 mg/kg plus docetaxel was well-tolerated and demonstrated 60% improvement (11.7 vs 7.3 month) in median overall survival (OS) compared to control.

      Methods:
      SUNRISE is a Phase III, double-blind trial where patients with previously treated Stage IIIb/IV non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer are randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive up to six 21-day cycles of docetaxel in combination with either weekly 3 mg/kg bavituximab or placebo, followed by maintenance with weekly bavituximab or placebo until progression or toxicity. Patients will be stratified by region (North America, Europe, or Rest of World), disease stage (IIIb or IV), and previous maintenance/targeted therapy (yes or no). This trial was initiated in December 2013 and accrual of 582 patients across 160+ sites in 14 countries is planned over 24 months. The primary endpoint is OS and two interim analyses are planned. Secondary endpoints include progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and safety. Radiographic tumor response is centrally assessed every two cycles during combination therapy and every nine weeks during maintenance. Exploratory analysis will include the assessment of changes in circulating immune cells and cytokines to better understand the immunotherapeutic mechanism.

      Results:
      Trial in progress

      Conclusion:
      Trial in progress

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