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P1.01 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Advanced Diseases – NSCLC (ID 206)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Poster
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 09:30 - 17:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B+C)
P1.01-062 - Rash as a Marker for the Efficacy of Necitumumab in the SQUIRE Study (ID 97)
09:30 - 17:00 | Author(s): P. Peterson
SQUIRE, a randomized, phase III study (n=1,093), demonstrated that the addition of the EGFR monoclonal antibody necitumumab (N) to gemcitabine-cisplatin (GC) improved overall survival in patients with stage IV squamous NSCLC. Rash is an established class side-effect associated with EGFR-targeting agents. Previous studies have suggested a positive association between rash and clinical outcomes with EGFR-targeted therapy.
Pre-emptive treatment for rash was not allowed per protocol until completion of the first cycle of study therapy. For the purpose of this analysis, patients randomized to the N+GC arm were categorized and grouped according to whether or not they experienced rash during the first two cycles of study therapy. Patients who died or were lost to follow-up before completing two cycles of study therapy were not included in this analysis. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were measured from the date of randomization, with parameters estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Hazard ratios and 95% CIs between subgroups were estimated from stratified Cox proportional hazards models, with comparisons between arms using a stratified log-rank test.
505 patients were evaluable in the N+GC arm at the end of cycle 2 of which 69% experienced rash during cycle 1 and/or cycle 2. Patients experiencing rash in the N+GC arm had improved OS (HR=0.738, p=0.0001) and PFS (HR=0.808, p=0.0066) compared with patients in the GC arm. Patients experiencing rash in the N+GC arm had improved OS (HR=0.656, p=0.0001) compared with patients in the N+GC arm who did not experience rash. The difference in PFS between patients in the N+GC arm experiencing rash versus those not experiencing rash was not statistically significant. Median PFS and OS for patients experiencing rash in the N+GC arm was 6.2 mo and 13.6 mo respectively, as compared to 5.6 and 10.2 mo for patients in the N+GC arm without rash and 5.6 and 10.6 mo for patients in the GC arm.
*In comparison to the N+GC group with rash
Patients alive and under follow-up after Cycle 2 N+GC with rash N=350 N+GC no rash N=155 GC N=508 Overall Survival, mo (CI) 13.6 mo (11.6, 15.2) 10.2 (8.7, 11.6) 10.6 (9.5, 11.9) HR* (95% CI) 0.656 (0.529, 0.813) 0.738 (0.631, 0.864) Stratified log-rank p value* 0.0001 0.0001 PFS, mo (CI) 6.2 mo (5.7, 6.9) 5.6 (5.0, 5.7) 5.6 (5.3, 5.6) HR* (95% CI) 0.867 (0.693, 1.084) 0.808 (0.692, 0.942) Stratified log-rank p value* 0.2127 0.0066
Rash occurring during the first two cycles of treatment with necitumumab (N+GC) is associated with improved OS in patients with advanced squamous NSCLC.
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