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K. Kirita

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    P1.01 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Advanced Diseases – NSCLC (ID 206)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Poster
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P1.01-022 - Radiologic Features of Advanced ALK-Rearranged Lung Cancer (ID 995)

      09:30 - 17:00  |  Author(s): K. Kirita

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Reportedly, the radiologic features of most primary resectable lung cancers harboring an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-fusion do not exhibit a ground-glass opacity (GGO) component when viewed using CT. However, little is known about the features of advanced ALK-rearranged lung cancer.

      The radiologic features of 21 advanced ALK-positive lung cancers treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital East between January 2012 and June 2014 were retrospectively investigated. ALK-fusion was confirmed using IHC and FISH or RT-PCR methods. The primary tumor’s diameter and characteristics (i.e., presence of a GGO component, notch, spiculation, and pleural indentation) as viewed using CT and the SUVmax observed using PET before treatment were evaluated. The radiologic features of 181 EGFR/ALK-negative non-sq NSCLCs treated during the same period were also evaluated as a control group. In addition, sites of distant metastases were evaluated.

      The median age of patients with ALK-positive lung cancer was 58 years (range, 25-83 years). Of the 21 patients, 8 (39%) were female and 11 (52%) were never-smokers. The proportion of primary tumors smaller than 3 cm was significantly higher among the ALK-positive tumors than among the EGFR/ALK-negative tumors (48% vs. 21%, P = 0.01). Notches (71% vs. 41%, P = 0.01) and pleural indentations (81% vs. 55%, P = 0.03) were significantly more common among the ALK-positive tumors than among the EGFR/ALK-negative tumors. No significant differences in peripheral GGO (4.8% vs. 6.1%, P = 1.00) and spiculation (71.4% vs. 54.7%, P = 0.17) were observed. The median SUVmax values of the primary tumors were not significantly different (9.33 [range 4.56-28.81] vs. 10.54 [range 1.20-38.18], P = 0.91). Regarding the sites of distant metastases, liver (33% vs. 8%, P < 0.03) and pleural dissemination (48% vs. 24%, P = 0.03) were more frequent among patients with ALK-positive tumors than among patients with EGFR/ALK-negative tumors.

      We identified the radiologic features of advanced ALK-positive lung cancer, which include smaller-sized primary tumors and higher frequencies of notch and pleural indentation, compared with EGFR/ALK-negative tumors. These findings might be useful for the selection of patients with advanced ALK-positive lung cancer.

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