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C. McDonald



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    O28 - Endoscopy (ID 124)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Pulmonology + Endoscopy/Pulmonary
    • Presentations: 1
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      O28.07 - Intra-operative scanning confocal endomicroscopy of pleural disease: in vivo diagnosis of malignancy (ID 2977)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): C. McDonald

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      The intra-operative diagnosis of pleural malignancy may facilitate surgical decision-making including the need for pleurodesis. A scanning laser confocal endomicroscopy device has been developed which allows histological-detail optical imaging of subsurface tissues in vivo. Confocal laser microscopy illuminates and detects light from a fixed point of a specimen which is scanned across a tissue plane and adjustable depths, providing a 3D structural view in a living body. Applied to screening of mucosal lesions in patients undergoing GI endoscopy, endomicroscopy obviates the need for many tissue biopsies and operators can rapidly learn to identify malignant tissues.

      Methods
      We performed the first intra-operative examination of pleural tissues using this equipment which is a thoracoscope-mounted endomicroscope device in patients administered iv fluorescein prior to imaging. Intra-operative endomicroscopic images were correlated with biopsies of pleural tissues.

      Results
      Sixteen patients were imaged: including mesothelioma 5 (2 biphasic) and pleural metastases from malignancies of lung 2, ovary 2 and one case each of breast, adenoidcystic (see figure), thyroid, colorectal, carcinoid and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and also one benign case. We were able to image and identify normal mesothelium, sub-mesothelium, connective tissues and blood vessels (including RBC). Malignant cells and clusters of cells had a characteristic appearance including poor uptake of fluorescein and cellular pleomorphism. Appearances of mesothelioma correlated closely with histology. Glandular and papillary structures were identified in metastatic pleural tumour. In ovarian cancer calcification was readily identified as were psammoma bodies, while the typical cystic spaces surrounded by small dark cells mirrored closely the histological appearances of adenoidcystic carcinoma.

      Conclusion
      Images obtained on scanning confocal endomicroscopy of pleural malignancy generally correlated well with the histological appearance on biopsies. We plan now to extend our experience of malignancy and also the ability to discriminate between benign disease and malignancy of the pleura. Supported by a Tumour Stream Grant from the Victorian Cancer Agency. Figure: Endomicroscopy image of pleural metastases from adenoidcystic carcinoma of the parotid. Figure 1

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