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MO26 - Anatomical Pathology II (ID 129)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:E. Brambilla, V.L. Capelozzi
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 105, Level 1
MO26.06 - Cell block samples from endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) provide sufficient material for ancillary testing in lung cancer. (ID 3262)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): E. Viiret
Rapid on site examination (ROSE) is encouraged at EBUS-TBNA to improve the yield of this procedure. However, many centres do not have the resources to meet this demand. Due to new therapeutic options in lung cancer, it is not sufficient to merely distinguish between non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) distinction where possible is now standard practice, as well additional molecular testing where clinically indicated. We investigated the diagnostic yield of smears vs. cell block and the provision of cellular material for ancillary testing.
A retrospective audit of all EBUS-TBNA procedures performed until the end of July 2012 was undertaken. Diagnostic yield on smears versus cell block was recorded. Cell blocks were reviewed by an experienced pathologist to determine diagnostic accuracy and whether IHC and molecular testing were possible.
208 procedures were recorded with 101(48.5%) malignant cases, 81(38.9%) benign cases and 26(12.5%) with insufficient sampling. The average number of passes was 4.5. For malignancies, smear diagnosis was possible in 95% of cases and cell block diagnosis in 93.5% (87/93) of cases. There was sufficient material for IHC in 97.7% (85/87) of malignant cases where required. In 79.3% (69/87) of NSCLCs molecular testing was theoretically possible based on the tumour load of samples obtained.
Cell blocks are not inferior to smears for diagnostic accuracy and provide sufficient samples for ancillary testing. However, ROSE assists the physician on how best to manage samples for ancillary testing.
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