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MO26 - Anatomical Pathology II (ID 129)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:E. Brambilla, V.L. Capelozzi
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 105, Level 1
MO26.02 - Predominant histologic subtype by IASLC/ATS/ERS classification is correlated with prognosis and EGFR mutation in surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma (ID 354)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): N. Yanagawa
The purpose of this study is to validate the prognostic impact and the frequency of EGFR mutation in lung adenocarcinoma of Japanese patients based on new lung adenocarcinoma classification proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS).
We reclassified 486 adenocarcinomas according to the new classification. The percentage of each histopathological subtype and the predominant pattern were determined. EGFR mutation also was investigated 241 of 486 adenocarcinomas. The relationship between these results and clinicopathological backgrounds was investigated statistically.
The histopathological assessment according to the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification showed that 8.4% (n = 41) of the cases were adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) ; 9.2% (n = 45) were minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) ; 18.3% (n = 89) were lepidic predominant ; 20.4% (n = 99) were acinar predominant ; 28.0% (n = 136) were papillary predominant ; 10.5% (n = 51) were solid predominant ; 2.3% (n=11) were micropapillary (MP) predominant, and 2.9% (n=14) were invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA). In univariate analysis, the patients with AIS and MIA subtypes had neither recurrence nor death within the follow-up periods. This was followed by the patients with lepidic predominant. The patients with papillary predominant, those with acinar predominant and those with IMA showed almost similar disease-free survival. The patients with solid predominant and MP predominant showed worse disease-free survival (Figure). Multivariate analysis showed that the new classification was an independent predictor of disease-free survival (Hazards ratio: 2.59; 95% confidence interval: 1.69-3.96; p<0.001). EGFR mutation was detected in 131 of 241 adenocarcinomas (54.4%). The each prevalence of EGFR mutation of AIS/MIA/Lepidic/Papillary/Acinar/Solid/MP/IMA was 62.1%/60%/77.1%/50%/49%/27.8%/42.9%/0%.Figure 1
The new IASLC/ATS/ERS adenocarcinoma classification is very useful predictive marker to plan and determine a therapeutic strategy for lung adenocarcinoma.
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