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MO25 - NSCLC - Combined Modality Therapy II (ID 112)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:T. Le Chevalier, K. Pittman
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Parkside Ballroom B, Level 1
MO25.09 - A Phase II study of <sup>18</sup>F-FDG PET guided optimization of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for resectable non-small cell lung cancer (ID 2442)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): M. Dunphy
Perioperative chemotherapy improves overall survival in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancers. In contrast to adjuvant chemotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy enables radiographic assessment of chemotherapy effect and hence, the option to switch non-responding patients to a potentially more effective regimen. Responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy assessed by PET imaging correlate better with clinical outcomes than does CT imaging. We have initiated a Phase II trial of PET response guided chemotherapy, where chemotherapy administration decisions are based on comparisons of baseline PET imaging, imaging after 2 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy, and imaging after ‘switch’ chemotherapy in patients with an initial suboptimal response.
This Phase II trial (NCT01443078) is enrolling patients with clinical Stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancers deemed operable by a thoracic surgeon. To be eligible, the primary lung mass must be >2 cm with a SUV ≥4.5. Patients with diabetes requiring insulin are excluded. Patients are initially treated with cisplatin (or carboplatin if cisplatin ineligible) + gemcitabine (squamous cell) or pemetrexed (non-squamous). After 2 cycles, if repeat PET imaging shows less than a 35% decrease in SUV of the primary tumor, patients are switched to vinorelbine + docetaxel every 2 weeks with pegylated filgrastim support (2 doses = 1 cycle). The primary endpoint of this study is partial metabolic response after 2 cycles of switch vinorelbine + docetaxel as assessed by PERCIST (SUV decrease of ≥30% using the pre-switch scan as the new baseline). We considered a >20% partial metabolic response rate in those who received vinorelbine + docetaxel worthy of further study. Therefore this study was powered to see at least 6 of 25 partial metabolic responses to vinorelbine + docetaxel, estimating a total patient accrual of 100 patients.
27 patients have been enrolled. 5 are undergoing platinum-based chemotherapy and have not yet been reassessed. 22 patients have been reimaged after 2 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy, 13 (59%) have had a > 35% decrease in SUV and continued on platinum-based chemotherapy. 9 (41%) patients have had a <35% decrease in SUV after platinum-based therapy and were assigned to switch chemotherapy. 7 received vinorelbine + docetaxel, and 5 (71%, 95% CI 29-96%) have had a PERCIST partial metabolic response after 2 cycles, 1 progressive disease and 1 is pending reassessment. 17 patients have been surgically explored with 13 (76%) R~0~ resections.
Preliminary results from this ongoing trial suggest that patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancers who have a suboptimal PET-assessed response to standard histology-selected, platinum-doublet neoadjuvant chemotherapy can be effectively treated with vinorelbine and docetaxel followed by surgery. This study is on-going. Assessment of pathologic response in resected patients and clinical follow-up in all patients will be available by the time of presentation.
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