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MO22 - Advanced Disease and Outcomes (ID 103)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
MO22.05 - Surgery in octogenarians with early stage non-small cell lung cancer: A SEER database analysis (ID 2923)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): K.M. Islam
Surgical resection is the standard of care for patients with early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However outcomes in older patients, especially octogenarians, following resection have not been studied in detail. This analysis was undertaken to evaluate the variations in patterns of care over time and outcomes following resection in octogenarians with early stage NSCLC.
Patients 80 years of age and older diagnosed with clinical stages I and II NSCLC, between 1988 and 2007, were identified from the SEER database. Data abstracted included age at diagnosis, stage, gender, race, histology, year of diagnosis and cause of death. The type of surgical resection was not available for a majority of patients and hence was not considered. Overall survival was estimated as the time from the date of diagnosis to death, or date of last contact (if censored). Factors associated with survival were assessed using regression analysis based on the Cox proportional hazards model. Temporal trends in survival were compared using log-rank test. Lung cancer specific survival (LCSS) was also estimated in these patients and temporal trends were compared using log-rank tests.
Six hundred and forty-nine patients ≥80 years of age, who underwent surgical resection for stages I and II NSCLC, were identified. The majority of these patients had stage I disease (n=549), were white (n=586) and had an adenocarcinoma (n=325). Females comprised 50.6% of stage I, but only 37% of stage II patients. Factors associated with worse overall survival on multivariate analysis in this cohort were: increasing age [Hazard ratio (HR) - 1.08; 95% CI - 1.03, 1.12], male gender (HR - 1.33; 95% CI - 1.07, 1.65), stage II (HR - 2.21; 95% CI - 1.71, 2.87) and squamous histology (HR - 1.36; 95% CI - 1.07, 1.74). The percentage of patients undergoing surgery increased over time. Of the patients who underwent surgery 8.6% were diagnosed between 1988-1992, 16% between 1993-1997, 24.2% between 1998-2002 and 51.2% between 2002-2007. Despite this the median survival was not significantly different over these time periods. Median survivals for the four different time periods were as follows: 1988-1992 – 3.9 years; 1993-1997 – 3.2 years; 1998-2002 – 3.8 years; 2002-2007 – 3.3 years (p = 0.09). These are comparable to those reported previously in younger patients (ages 65-75 years) (5.92 years - stage I, 2.6 years - stage II). Similarly lung cancer specific survival was not significantly different between the different time points. Median LCSS for the four time periods were 9.2 years, 6.8 years, 7.9 years, and not reached, respectively (p = 0.51).
Among octogenarians who had surgical resection for lung cancer, increasing age, male gender, higher stage and squamous histology were associated with worse survival. Despite an increased incidence of surgical resection for octogenarians, outcomes remained unchanged between 1988 and 2007. Octogenarians, when carefully selected, are capable of experiencing a similar advantage provided by surgical resection of early stage non small cell lung cancer as younger patients.
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