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MO26 - Anatomical Pathology II (ID 129)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:E. Brambilla, V.L. Capelozzi
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 105, Level 1
MO26.11 - Proposal on incorporating Blood Vessel Invasion into the T classification parts as a practical staging system for stage I Non-small cell Lung Cancer (ID 842)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): H. Saji
We investigated blood vessel invasion (BVI) as a possible negative prognostic factor in patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) according to the 7[th] Edition of the TNM classification.
Between 1999 and 2007, a total of 694 consecutive patients with pathological stage I NSCLC underwent complete resection with systematic lymph node dissection at Tokyo Medical University Hospital. All sections of the specimens were stained by Elastica van Gieson to visualize elastic fibers and were examined to determine the prognostic symptoms of BVI. We statistically analyzed the association between BVI and clinicopathologic factors, as well as clinical outcomes.
BVI was detected in 201 patients with stage I NSCLC (29.0%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the non-BVI and BVI patients were 90.5% and 66.0%, respectively (p < 0.0001). BVI was found to be a significant independent prognostic factor by multivariate survival analysis in stage IA and stage IB NSCLC (HR 2.591, p < 0.001; HR 2.347, p = 0.009, respectively). The 5-year OS rate of patients with BVI was significantly worse than that of patients without BVI in the T1a (94.5% vs 87.5%, p < 0.0001), T1b (82.7% vs 65.9%, p = 0.034), and T2a (90.9% vs 61.8%, p < 0.0001) subgroups.
We identified the presence of BVI as an independent poor prognostic factor in patients with stage I NSCLC. In the future revision of the TNM staging system, the routine use of elastic fiber stains in pathological evaluations of lung cancer for BVI determination might be recommended, and tumors with BVI should be upstaged to the higher current T staging.
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P3.19 - Poster Session 3 - Imaging (ID 181)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Imaging, Staging & Screening
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P3.19-001 - Correlation between whole tumor size and solid component size on high-resolution computed tomography in the prediction of the degree of pathologic malignancy and the prognostic outcome in primary lung adenocarcinoma (ID 138)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): H. Saji
It is known that in lung adenocarcinoma, ground glass nodule (GGN) tumors have a better prognosis than solid tumors. The aim of this study is to determine whether it is more useful to evaluate the whole tumor size or only the solid component size to predict the pathologic malignancy and the prognostic outcome in lung adenocarcinoma.
Using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) data of 232 patients with adenocarcinoma 7 cm or less who underwent curative resection, we retrospectively measured the whole tumor and solid component sizes with lung window setting (WTLW and SCLW) and whole tumor sizes with a mediastinal window setting (WTMW).
There was significant correlation between the WTLW and the measurements of pathological specimens (r=0.792, P<0.0001). The SCLW and WTMW values significantly correlated with the area of pathologically confirmed invasion (r=0.762, P<0.0001 and r=0.771, P<0.0001, respectively). The receiver operating characteristics area under the curve for WTLW, SCLW and WTMW used to identify lymph node metastasis or lymphatic or vascular invasion were 0.693, 0.817 and 0.824, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves of DFS and OS were better divided according to SCLW and WTMW, compared with WTLW. Multivariate analysis of DFS and OS revealed that WTMW was an independent prognostic factor (HR=0.72, 95%CI=0.58-0.90, P=0.004 and HR=0.74, 95%CI=0.57-0.96, P=0.022, respectively).
The predictive values of the solid tumor size visualized on HRCT especially in the mediastinal window for pathologic high-grade malignancy and prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma less than 7 cm were greater than those of whole tumor size.