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E. Patz



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    O27 - Clinical Trials and Practice (ID 142)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Other Topics
    • Presentations: 1
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      O27.05 - Is primary tumor standardized uptake value (SUV) an independent prognostic factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)? A meta-analysis based on individual patients data. (ID 3888)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): E. Patz

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      [18]F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography complements conventional imaging for staging lung cancer although its ability to predict outcome is less well established. Two literature-based meta-analyses suggest a prognostic value in univariate analysis. To assess FDG-PET value in predicting survival adjusted for some known prognostic factors, we carried out a meta-analysis based on individual patients data from multiple independent studies.

      Methods
      Following literature search, and after writing of a protocol for the meta-analysis, we contacted the authors of identified studies and requested individual patients data; we also tried to collect some unpublished data. Data analysis used Cox regression models stratified for the study with overall survival as primary outcome. SUV max was used as a binary covariate (median value for each study).

      Results
      Data were collected for 1526 patients (57% of the identified patients) from 11 publications and 1 unpublished series (median age : 64 years, 60% male patients, squamous cell in 34%, adenocarcinoma in 47%, stages I-II in 58%). Combined univariate hazard ratio (HR) was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.22-1.66); no statistically significant interaction between SUV and one of six additional freatures (age, gender, histology,stage, tumors size –in stages I-III patients- and surgical treatment), was found except for stage (p=0.05) with a decreased prognostic value of SUV for stage IV patients. Without considering SUV, multivariate analysis identified, in stage I-III patients, age, stage, tumor size and surgical treatment as independent prognostic factors. The addition of SUV improved that model : HR estimate for SUV effect was 1.58, statistically significant (95% CI : 1.27-1.96), p<0.0001. No interaction was found with SUV. When tumor size was not included in the tested covariates, we found SUV of additional value (adjustment for age, stage, surgical treatment) with a HR of 1.35 (95% CI : 1.15-158). Interaction between SUV and stage was detected, restricting the significant impact of SUV on survival to stage I-III patients.

      Conclusion
      Conclusions : Although suffering from selection bias and lack of homogeneous SUV assessment, these data suggest that SUV at the time of diagnosis is an independent prognostic marker for patients with stage I-III NSCLC. The utility of SUV in predicting survival in stage IV patients requires further studies.

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