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MO16 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers IV (ID 97)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:S. Toyooka, J.C. Yang
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Parkside Auditorium, Level 1
MO16.08 - Cytology samples (s) for EGFR, KRAS and ALK testing in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 2439)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): E. Castellà
Recent advances in targeted therapy in NSCLC have achieved impressive results in advanced disease. For molecular testing,cytology samples are not commonly used since is less likely to be adequate. At ICO Badalona- Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital we have used cytology specimens when biopsy was not available. We describe the general results when using cytology specimens in NSCLC to detect EGFR mutation, KRAS mutations and ALK translocations.
From February 2007 to May 2012, 227 cytology samples from patients with NSCLC were collected at the Department of Pathology as cell block or fresh specimen over an apropiate slide. After that, tumor cells were(8-150) captured by laser microdissection. DNA sequencing for EGFR exons 18, 19, 20, 21, KRAS codons 12 and 13 was performed at Molecular Biology Laboratory( ICO-Badalona) and ALK translocation were analyzed at Pathology Department by FISH
EGFR mutations were tested in 227 samples.The overall output was 86.3% (not evaluable in 15 , insufficient tissue in 8, no tumor cells in 4, not done in 4). EGFR mutation was detected in 8.81% (20/227). KRAS mutation were tested in 41 samples with results in 33, 80.5% (2 not evaluable, insufficient tumor cells 3, no tumor 1 and not done 2 samples). KRAS mutation was positive 6 (14.6%). ALk translocation were tested in 9 p with results in 6 p ( 1 not evaluable and 2 insufficient tumor cells) Both cell-block and fresh specimen over an apropiate slide were used to perform molecular testing. The output for cell-block was 83.3%(124/148) and testing was not possible in 23(11 not evaluable, 6 insufficient tumor cells, 4 not tumor and 3 not done). The output for membrane was 91.1% (72/79) and was not possible in 7(4 were not evaluable, 2 insufficient tumor cells and not done in 1). 54.7% of samples were obtained from endobronquial ultrasound guided transbronquial needle aspiration of mediastinal adenopathies, 11.3% lung mass needle aspiration and 11.7% from pleural effusion.
Our results support the potential use of cytology samples for molecular testing in NSCLC when biopsy specimens are not available. Both membrane preparations and cytology blocks have been used and are equally suitable for molecular testing.
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