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K.H. Nguyen

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    O18 - Cancer Control and Epidemiology II (ID 133)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Prevention & Epidemiology
    • Presentations: 1
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      O18.06 - Vietnamese non-small cell lung cancer patients in California: molecular profiles and clinical characteristics (ID 1079)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): K.H. Nguyen

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
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      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide with 1.3 million deaths per year. Discoveries of oncogenic mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the past decade have led to targeted therapies against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement, and repressor of silencing 1 (ROS1) gene rearrangement. The frequencies of these mutations and gene rearrangements have been elucidated in the Western and East Asian populations. However, the frequencies of these oncogenic alterations remain unknown in Vietnam, where lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer mortalities but molecular testing is not routinely performed due to limited resources. In this project, we aimed to analyze the Vietnamese patients treated at Stanford, California, with a future plan to compare with another cohort inside Vietnam.

      We collected molecular and clinical variables of NSCLC patients of Vietnamese origin, based on patients' self-reported ethnicity, language, or country of origin, treated at Stanford from 2009 to 2012. Comparison of the molecular and clinical characteristics of never smokers versus smokers was performed with Pearson's chi-squared test for nominal variables and Student's t test for continuous variables. Survival analyses were done using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards modeling.

      Forty-six patients of Vietnamese origin were seen at the Stanford thoracic oncology clinic from 2009 to 2012, including 22 men and 24 women with a mean age of 58 years. Twenty-seven (58.7%) were never-smokers. Forty-two (91.3%) of the tumors were adenocarcinoma. Ten patients (21.7%) presented at stage I, none at stage II, 8 patients (17.4%) at stage III, 28 patients (60.9%) at stage IV. Fifteen patients out of 28 tested for EGFR (53.6%) had an activating mutation; 14 of these 15 patients were never-smokers. Five patients out of 16 tested for ALK (31.3%) had ALK gene rearrangement. No ROS1 gene rearrangement out of 3 patients tested was found. Only one patient, a former smoker, out of 23 tested (4.4%) was found to have a KRAS mutation. Eighteen out of 27 never-smokers (66.7%) and 3 out of 19 smokers (15.8%) had a targetable driver mutation (EGFR, ALK, or ROS1). For all stages, the median overall survival (OS) for never-smokers was 22.3 months (95% confidence interval (CI); 11.9 months, 24.3 months) compared to 12.9 months (95% CI; 5.8 months, 20.0 months) for smokers. For only stage IV, the median OS for never-smokers was 21.2 months (95% CI; 13.0 months, 24.3 months) compared to 11.6 months (95% CI; 1.4 months, 30.9 months) for smokers.

      Approximately two-thirds of never-smoker patients of Vietnamese origin had NSCLC with a targetable driver mutation. OS differ markedly by smoking status. The high percentage of Vietnamese patients in California with driver mutations warrants further studies to evaluate the frequencies of NSCLC driver mutations inside Vietnam, strongly suggesting that nationwide implementation of routine molecular testing will have a positive impact on clinical management of Vietnamese patients with NSCLC.

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