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O18 - Cancer Control and Epidemiology II (ID 133)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Prevention & Epidemiology
- Presentations: 1
O18.03 - The BioCAST / IFCT-1002 study: a comprehensive overview of demographic, risk exposure and somatic mutations of non-small cell lung cancer occurring among French never smokers (ID 3293)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): B. Coudert
Lung cancer occurring in never-smoker (LCINS) is a particular entity. Although the definition is strict (less than 100 cigarette in lifetime) never-smokers are frequently misclassified and no study gives a comprehensive analysis of this group, particularly in a European setting.
All consecutive never-smoker patients diagnosed with a non-small cell lung cancer in one of the 75 participating centers throughout France, between November 2011 and January 2013, were included in this prospective survey. All patients underwent a detailed questionnaire supported by a trained staff during a phone interview. Somatic mutations and cancer clinical and histological data were also recorded from medical charts.
Overall, 384 never-smokers were included and 336 interviews were completed. Most of them were women (n=319, 83.1%). The mean age at diagnosis was 69.8 ± 12.02 and 10.9% were under 55 years-old. None reported alternative smoking (pipe, cigar, water-pipe, gum, or cannabis). Most of them originated from Western and Southern Europe (90.5%). Overall, 219 (65.6%) reported a passive smoking exposure in a domestic setting (n=198; 59.3%), and/or at workplace (n=60; 18.0%). Patients had a personal history of pneumonia in 6.2%, tuberculosis in 8.3%, COPD in 13.0%, and a cancer at another site in 16.6%. Eighty patients reported at least two relatives with lung cancer (24.0%). Definite occupational exposure was observed in 12.0% (n=44) for diesel, 7,1% (n=26) for asbestos, 3.3% (n=12) for poly-aromatic hydrocarbons, 2.4% (n=9) for silica, 0.8% (n=3) for chrome, and 0.5% (n=2) for painting. Exposure to cooking oil was noted in 123 patients (36.8%) with a mean of 49.4 ± 356.7 cooking-dish year. Moreover, 79.7% (n=259) patients were ever exposed to solid fuel fumes for cooking or heating (21.2% during more than 50% of their lifetime). Among women, 91.7% already reached menopause (mean age 49.3 ± 5.6 years-old), 115 (41.7%) were ever-exposed to oral contraceptive (mostly oestrogen-containing drugs), and 25.5% to post-menopause hormone replacement therapy (oral or transdermal). Most of lung cancers were adenocarcinoma (n=327, 85.2%) followed by squamous cell carcinoma (n=29, 7.6%) and large cell carcinoma (n=17; 4.4%). Among adenocarcinoma, 71% were invasive, 4% in-situ, 2% minimally-invasive, 2% variant of invasive, and 20.0% were NOS. Cancer stage was I in 9.2%, II in 5.8%, III in 11.8% and IV in 73.2%. At least one biomarker was tested in 359 patients (93.5%). We found 148 patients with EGFR mutations (43.5% out of the EGFR-tested patients), 20 with KRAS mutations (6.8%), 24 with ALK translocation (12.5%), 10 with BRAF mutation (4.5%), 8 with HER2 mutation (4.0%) and 4 with PIK3CA (2.1%). Overall, 27.0% samples remain wild type, 2.1% with multiple mutations, 71.0% with a single mutation, and 20.6% with missing data.
We provide here the largest cohort of LCINS in a European setting with reliable data on tobacco intoxication, occupational exposure, and hormonal treatments, since collected by a trained staff through phone interview. In this perfectly clinically characterized cohort, molecular analyses showed that 72% of tumors exhibited oncogenic targetable mutations.
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