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T. Kamei

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    O16 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies III (ID 115)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      O16.07 - Consistent therapeutic efficacy of CH5424802/RO5424802 in brain metastases among crizotinib-refractory ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in an ongoing phase I/II study (AF-002JG/NP28761, NCT01588028). (ID 1668)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): T. Kamei

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
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      Disease progression in brain occurs in ~50% ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients treated with crizotinib. This is likely due in part to low penetration of crizotinib into CNS. CH5424802 is a new ALK inhibitor that is effective in patients who have ALK re-arrangement. Preclinical studies in CNS implantation models suggest a promising anti-tumor activity of CH5424802 against CNS lesions. This report describes CNS activity observed in an ongoing phase I/II clinical trial.

      A phase I dose escalation study of CH5424802 was performed in ALK-rearranged NSCLC who have failed crizotinib. Patients received oral CH5424802 doses ranging from 300 to 900 mg BID. All patients had head CT/MRI and body CT scans at baseline, and every 6 weeks after initiation of treatment if baseline scans are positive for brain metastasis. Brain lesions without prior radiation were used to assess CNS response based on modified RECIST criteria. Simultaneous collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma PK samples in selective patients is ongoing to evaluate CSF/plasma CH5424802 ratios to correlate with clinical activity in brain metastasis.

      As of June 6, 2013, 37 patients were enrolled in the phase I study, and 31 of them were evaluable for efficacy. Preliminary overall response rate (ORR) is ~48% (15/31) in evaluable patients. 16 had brain metastases at baseline, and 2 had no prior brain irradiation but all had documented CNS progression prior to study treatment. These 16 patients received CH5424802 at 300mg (n=2), 460mg (n=2), 600mg (n=5), 760mg (n=3), and 900mg (n=4) BID. The median duration of follow-up of these 16 patients was 130+ days, with the longest being 347+ days. Activity against CNS lesions was observed as early as the first scan (3[rd] week). The preliminary CNS response is highly promising as shown in the representative scans below. Enrollment is still ongoing and CNS progression-free survival (PFS) will be presented. Currently 2 patients had simultaneous CSF and plasma levels of CH5424802, and the CSF/plasma ratios will be reported to evaluate any correlation between CSF/plasma ratios and the observed clinical activity of CH5424802 in brain metastasis.Figure 1

      CH5424802 demonstrates consistent and rapid clinical activity in brain metastases in ALK+ NSCLC patients who progressed on crizitinib. Within 3-6 weeks of treatment, CH5424802 dramatically shrinks brain lesions that progressed on crizotinib. CH5424802 could potentially replace or delay the need of brain radiation in ALK-positive NSCLC patients.

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