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F. Kabbinavar

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    O15 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy II (ID 109)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      O15.06 - Randomized Phase III Trial of Gemcitabine (G)/Carboplatin (C) with or without Iniparib (I) in Patients (Pts) with Previously Untreated Stage IV Squamous Lung Cancer (ID 3322)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): F. Kabbinavar

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Iniparib is an agent originally thought to function as an inhibitor of the DNA repair enzyme PARP-1, which is overexpressed in squamous lung cancers. Promising phase II activity and safety were reported with iniparib in combination with GC in pts with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (O’Shaughnessy, NEJM 2011); however, subsequent phase III data were negative. Further study of iniparib’s mechanism of action suggests that this agent induces DNA damage, cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase, and potentiates DNA-damaging chemotherapies not through PARP inhibition. Herein we report the final results from an international Phase III trial (NCT01082549) of first-line chemotherapy and iniparib in pts with advanced squamous lung cancer.

      Pts were randomized 1:1 to GC or GCI. All pts received G 1000 mg/m[2] IV days (D) 1 and 8, and C AUC=5 IV D1 of each 21-D cycle. Iniparib was dosed 5.6 mg/kg IV D 1, 4, 8, and 11. All pts were assessed for response per RECIST 1.1 every 6 weeks. Pts without evidence of progressive disease (PD) or other reason for discontinuation could remain on treatment beyond 6 cycles. Accrual of 780 pts provides 89% power to detect an improvement in survival from 8 months (mos) anticipated with GC to 10.7 mos with GCI (HR of 0.75). Eligibility: Pts with newly diagnosed stage IV (M1a and M1b) squamous lung cancer, ECOG PS 0-1. Exclusion criteria included: history of recent cardiac disease, untreated brain metastases, and treatment for early-stage lung cancer within 12 months of study entry. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Interim analyses for safety and futility were performed by an independent data safety monitoring board.

      780 pts were enrolled and randomized (GC, 390), (GCI, 390) from March 2010 to May 2012. Baseline characteristics were well balanced between groups (GC/GCI): median age 66 years (21-86); 74%/73% male; 30%/33% ECOG 0; 28%/33% current smokers; 66%/62% past smokers. The median number of cycles for GC/GCI were 4 (1-26)/5 (1-32). Dose reductions, dose intensity, and discontinuations due to tumor progression or adverse events were similar in both arms. The median OS for GC/GCI was 8.9 v. 8.9 months, HR 1.08 (0.92-1.28), p=.348. 1-year OS was 41 v. 40%. The median progression-free survival (PFS) for GC vs GCI was 4.9 v. 4.8 months, HR 0.99 (0.83-1.19), p=.92. The objective response rate (ORR) for GC v GCI was 34 v. 32%, p=.648. The safety profile was similar in both arms; anemia (28/26%), neutropenia (31/35%), thrombocytopenia (27/28%), and fatigue (6/9%).

      The addition of iniparib did not improve the efficacy of GC in the treatment of pts with advanced squamous lung cancer. Further development of iniparib in squamous lung cancer is not recommended.

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