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M. Takeuchi

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    O15 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy II (ID 109)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      O15.05 - Randomized Phase III Trial of S-1 plus Cisplatin versus Docetaxel plus Cisplatin for Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (TCOG0701): Subgroup Analysis. (ID 1895)

      10:30 - 12:00  |  Author(s): M. Takeuchi

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP) is the only third-generation regimen that has demonstrated statistically significant improvements in overall survival and QOL by head-to-head comparison with a second-generation regimen (vindesine plus cisplatin) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) has shown activity and good tolerability in phase II settings. Molecularly targeted agents including bevacizumab (BEV) have shown activity and safety in non-squamous (non-Sq) NSCLC.

      Patients with previously untreated stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, an ECOG PS of 0-1 and adequate organ functions were randomly assigned to receive either oral S-1 80 mg/m[2]/day (40 mg/m[2] b.i.d.) on days 1 to 21 plus cisplatin 60 mg/m[2] on day 8 every 5 weeks or docetaxel 60 mg/m[2 ]on day 1 plus cisplatin 80 mg/m[2] on day 1 every 3 weeks, both up to 6 cycles. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). A non-inferiority study design was employed; the upper confidence interval (CI) limit of the hazard ratio (HR) was <1.322. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), response, safety, and QOL. Subgroup analysis by histology (non-Sq vs Sq) was conducted.

      From April 2007 through December 2008, 608 patients were randomly assigned to SP (n=303) or DP (n=305) at 66 sites in Japan. Patient demographics were well balanced between the two groups. Non-Sq and Sq patients in SP/DP arm was 251/247 and 50/48 respectively. Two interim analyses were preplanned. At the final analysis, a total of 480 deaths had occurred. The primary endpoint was met. OS in the SP arm was non-inferior to that in the DP arm (median survival, 16.1 vs. 17.1 months, respectively; HR=1.013; 96.4% confidence interval, 0.837-1.227). PFS was 4.9 months in the SP arm and 5.2 months in the DP arm. The rates of febrile neutropenia (7.4% vs. 1.0%), grade 3/4 neutropenia (73.4% vs. 22.9%), grade 3/4 infection (14.5% vs. 5.3%), and grade 1/2 alopecia (59.3% vs. 12.3%) were significantly lower in the SP arm than in the DP arm. In terms of physical functioning and global functioning on the EORTC QLQ-C30 and lung cancer module (LC-13), QOL was better in the SP arm (repeated measures ANOVA: p<0.01). Subgroup analysis by histology revealed that the median OS of non-Sq and Sq patients in SP/DP group was 17.4/19.1 months and 12.3/11.7 months respectively, of which hazard ratio was 0.973 (95% CI, 0.797-1.187) and 1.239 (95% CI, 0.819-1.874). Interaction P value was 0.3004.

      S-1 plus cisplatin is a standard first-line chemotherapeutic regimen for advanced NSCLC both non-Sq and Sq histology. Favorable toxicity profile of the SP regimen and encouraging outcome in patients with non-Sq prompted us to conduct a prospective study of SP plus BEV and maintenance S-1 BEV for non-SQ currently underway.

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