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O15 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy II (ID 109)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:G. Richardson, J.V. Heymach
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside Auditorium A, Level 1
O15.05 - Randomized Phase III Trial of S-1 plus Cisplatin versus Docetaxel plus Cisplatin for Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (TCOG0701): Subgroup Analysis. (ID 1895)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): A. Inoue
Docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP) is the only third-generation regimen that has demonstrated statistically significant improvements in overall survival and QOL by head-to-head comparison with a second-generation regimen (vindesine plus cisplatin) in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) has shown activity and good tolerability in phase II settings. Molecularly targeted agents including bevacizumab (BEV) have shown activity and safety in non-squamous (non-Sq) NSCLC.
Patients with previously untreated stage IIIB or IV NSCLC, an ECOG PS of 0-1 and adequate organ functions were randomly assigned to receive either oral S-1 80 mg/m/day (40 mg/m b.i.d.) on days 1 to 21 plus cisplatin 60 mg/m on day 8 every 5 weeks or docetaxel 60 mg/m[2 ]on day 1 plus cisplatin 80 mg/m on day 1 every 3 weeks, both up to 6 cycles. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). A non-inferiority study design was employed; the upper confidence interval (CI) limit of the hazard ratio (HR) was <1.322. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), response, safety, and QOL. Subgroup analysis by histology (non-Sq vs Sq) was conducted.
From April 2007 through December 2008, 608 patients were randomly assigned to SP (n=303) or DP (n=305) at 66 sites in Japan. Patient demographics were well balanced between the two groups. Non-Sq and Sq patients in SP/DP arm was 251/247 and 50/48 respectively. Two interim analyses were preplanned. At the final analysis, a total of 480 deaths had occurred. The primary endpoint was met. OS in the SP arm was non-inferior to that in the DP arm (median survival, 16.1 vs. 17.1 months, respectively; HR=1.013; 96.4% confidence interval, 0.837-1.227). PFS was 4.9 months in the SP arm and 5.2 months in the DP arm. The rates of febrile neutropenia (7.4% vs. 1.0%), grade 3/4 neutropenia (73.4% vs. 22.9%), grade 3/4 infection (14.5% vs. 5.3%), and grade 1/2 alopecia (59.3% vs. 12.3%) were significantly lower in the SP arm than in the DP arm. In terms of physical functioning and global functioning on the EORTC QLQ-C30 and lung cancer module (LC-13), QOL was better in the SP arm (repeated measures ANOVA: p<0.01). Subgroup analysis by histology revealed that the median OS of non-Sq and Sq patients in SP/DP group was 17.4/19.1 months and 12.3/11.7 months respectively, of which hazard ratio was 0.973 (95% CI, 0.797-1.187) and 1.239 (95% CI, 0.819-1.874). Interaction P value was 0.3004.
S-1 plus cisplatin is a standard first-line chemotherapeutic regimen for advanced NSCLC both non-Sq and Sq histology. Favorable toxicity profile of the SP regimen and encouraging outcome in patients with non-Sq prompted us to conduct a prospective study of SP plus BEV and maintenance S-1 BEV for non-SQ currently underway.
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P3.11 - Poster Session 3 - NSCLC Novel Therapies (ID 211)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P3.11-034 - One-year follow-up of a Phase I/II study of a highly selective ALK inhibitor CH5424802/RO5424802 in ALK-rearranged advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (ID 2591)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): A. Inoue
CH5424802 is a novel tyrosine-kinase inhibitor that selectively inhibits ALK as well as secondary ALK mutations including L1196M. The preliminary results of the Phase I/II study (Lancet Oncol. 2013; 14: 590–8) showed that CH5424802 was active in the CNS and achieved a 93.5% objective response rate by RECIST in crizotinib-naïve NSCLC patients with a median follow-up of 7.6 months (range, 3.4–11.3). Here we report the 1-year follow-up results after the last patient enrolled in the Phase II analysis.
Patients with ALK-rearranged advanced NSCLC, who progressed after ≥1 prior chemotherapy regimens and who were naïve to any ALK inhibitors, received CH5424802 300 mg orally twice daily in the Phase II portion of the study. ALK fusion gene expression was confirmed by IHC and FISH or by RT-PCR at central laboratories. Tumor assessment was performed every cycle (21 days) until Cycle 4 and every 2 cycles thereafter with RECIST ver. 1.1.
As of April 18, 2013, 46 patients had been treated with CH5424802 in the Phase II portion: median age, 48 years (range, 26–75); male/female, 22/24; ECOG PS 0/1, 20/26; never-smoker, 59%; ≥2 prior chemotherapy regimens, 52%. The objective response rate remains the same as previously reported, 93.5% (95% CI: 82.1% to 98.6%). At 1-year follow-up, a total of 7 patients (15%) had achieved a complete response. The median progression-free survival had not been achieved, and the 1-year progression-free rate (PFR) was 83% (95% CI: 68% to 92%). 34/46 patients were still on study treatment, and the median treatment duration had passed 14.8 months. CH5424802 also shows promising efficacy in the CNS: of 14 patients with baseline brain metastasis, 9 remained in the study without CNS or systemic progression for >12 months, with 6 of them exceeding 16 months. The other 5 patients with baseline CNS metastasis had no CNS progression during CH5424802 treatment. One of these patients discontinued the study due to AE, and the remaining 4 patients had systemic progression. The safety profile remains similar to that previously reported, with no patient requiring dose reduction.
CH5424802 demonstrated a high 1-year PFR of 83% and promising CNS activity. CH5424802 could be a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of ALK-rearranged NSCLC.