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O13 - Limited Resections (ID 101)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:G.M. Wright, K. Kernstine
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 204 A+B, Level 2
O13.03 - Survival of 1963 lobectomy-tolerable patients who underwent limited resection for cStage I non-small cell lung cancer (ID 1030)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): T. Utsumi
Although the standard operation for lung cancer is lobectomy, precise preoperative diagnosis of the “very early” lung carcinomas may identify patients that can be treated by limited resection. Previous reports on limited resection included patients who were not candidates for lobectomy. The survival of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who were fit for lobectomy and underwent limited resection has not been studied in a large enough scale.
A nationwide multi-institutional project collected clinical data of patients who underwent limited resection (segmentectomy or partial resection) for clinical T1-2N0M0 non-small cell lung carcinoma, who were 75 years old or younger at the time of operation and were considered fit for lobectomy by the physician. Overall and disease free survival, freedom from recurrence were analyzed and factors affecting survival or recurrence were identified.
The median age of 1963 patients was 63 years. The mean maximal diameter of the tumor was 1.4 ± 0.6 cm. The overall and recurrence free survival after limited lung resection was 93.7 % and 90.4 % at 5 years, respectively. The recurrence free proportion and local recurrence free proportion were 93.3 % and 98.4 % at 5 years, respectively. Prognostic factors in overall survival were pathologically proven lymph node metastasis, interstitial pneumonia, male gender, older age, complications (cardiac disease, diabetes etc.), radiological invasive cancer, and multiple lesions. The consolidation/tumor ratio on CT of ≤ 0.25 predicted good outcome especially in cT1aN0M0 disease. Prognosis and recurrence was not affected by the method of limited resection (segmentectomy (n=1225) or partial resection (n=738)).
If the patient was 75 years old or younger and was judged fit for lobectomy, the result of limited resection for cStage I NSCLC was excellent and was not inferior to the reported result of lobectomy for small sized NSCLC. The radiological noninvasive carcinomas rarely recur and are especially good candidates for limited resection.
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