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MO14 - Mesothelioma II - Surgery and Multimodality (ID 121)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
MO14.02 - 16 Year Experience of Routine Laparoscopy and Selective Contralateral Thoracoscopic Staging for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (ID 1651)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): G. Korus
Surgery for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is typically restricted to patients without intraperitoneal or contralateral pleural spread. Imaging studies are accompanied by both false positive and false negative errors for both types of spread. To avoid these errors our group has routinely performed laparoscopy and selective contralateral video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) since 1997.
168 patients with MPM were evaluated for surgery as part of a multimodal treatment protocol. Radiographic staging studies included CT Chest with contrast for all 168 patients, PET Scan (112 patients) and MRI Abdomen (17 patients) for concerning findings on CT and/or PET. 150 patients underwent laparoscopy (two 5mm ports) with both peritoneal biopsy and lavage for cytology. 130/150 laparoscopies were performed in virgin abdomens with the remainder being reoperative procedures. 18 patients also underwent contralateral VATS, based upon any suspicious radiographic findings by either the interpreting radiologist or as reviewed by a multidisciplinary panel of treating physicians. All VATS were performed through a single 1 cm incision. Laparoscopies were performed as outpatient procedures. Patients undergoing combination VATS/laparoscopy were scheduled as same day admissions.
There were no operative complications for either procedure. 5/132 (4%) laparoscopy patients scheduled as outpatients required overnight hospitalization – the most common reason being urinary retention. Laparoscopy revealed inaccuracies in radiographic staging in 13/150 (9%) patients- 6 false positive studies (1 interpretation of diaphragm transgression that was not through the diaphragm and 5 metastases that were not present) and 7 false negative studies (3 detected by lavage and 4 by biopsy). All of the false positive and all of the false negative studies occurred in patients who had PET scans. 2/18 (11%) patients who underwent VATS were positive for mesothelioma in the contralateral pleura, only one of whom had a positive PET scan finding.
Routine laparoscopy was performed safely and revealed inaccuracy in radiographic staging in 9% of the patients, all of whom had both CT and PET scans. Selective contralateral VATS was performed safely and revealed cancer in 11% of patients with suspicious findings, as determined by the interpreting radiologists and/or the treating clinicians and with PET only being accurate in one of the two positive findings. We conclude that prior to offering patients surgery-based treatment for MPM routine laparoscopy and VATS, based upon any suspicion, are indicated.
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