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MO13 - SCLC I (ID 118)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:C.K. Liam, E.S. Santos
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside 201 - 203, Level 2
MO13.08 - A pilot study of adjuvant chemotherapy with irinotecan and cisplatin for completely resected high grade pulmonary neuroendocrine carcinona (Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma and small cell lung cancer) (ID 1562)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): H. Kenmotsu
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and small cell lung cancer (SCLC) are recognized as high grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (HGNEC) of the lung. In patients with completely resected HGNEC, platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy may be considered. However, the optimum chemotherapy regimen has not been determined. We conducted a multicenter single-arm phase II trial to evaluate irinotecan and cisplatin in postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for HGNEC patients.
Patients with completely resected stage I- IIIA HGNEC received 4 cycles of irinotecan (60 mg/m, day 1, 8, 15) plus cisplatin (60 mg/m, day 1). This regimen was repeated every 4 weeks. Other eligibility criteria included ECOG PS 0–1, age 20, and <75 years old, adequate organ function, and no prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Patients with UGT1A1 polymorphisms (homozygous for *6 or *28, or simultaneously heterozygous *6 and *28), associated with irinotecan-related severe toxicity, were excluded. The primary endpoint was the rate of completion of chemotherapy (defined as underwent 3 or 4 cycles), and secondary endpoints were 3-year relapse free survival (RFS), rate of 3-year survival and toxicities.
Forty patients were enrolled between September 2007 and April 2010. Patients’ characteristics were as follows: median age (range) 65 (45-73) years; male 85%; ECOG-PS 1 60%; LCNEC 57% and SCLC 43%; stage IA/IB/IIB/IIIA 32/35/8/5%; 95% received lobectomy. The rate of completion of chemotherapy was 83% (90% C.I.; 71-90%). The rate of overall survival at 3 years was estimated at 81%, and of RFS at 3 years was 74%. The rates of overall survival and RFS at 3 years were 86% and 74% among 23 LCNEC patients, and 74%, 76% among 17 SCLC patients, respectively. Nineteen patients (48%) experienced grade 3 or 4 neutrophils, but only five patients (13%) developed febrile neutropenia. Two patients (5%) developed grade 3 diarrhea, and 4 patients (10%) had grade 3 nausea. No treatment related deaths were observed in this study. All 40 specimens were also diagnosed as HGNEC at pathological central review among 7 pathologists. There were two specimens that showed the difference in between institutional diagnosis and central pathological diagnosis.
The combination of irinotecan and cisplatin as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was feasible and possibly efficacious for resected HGNEC.In Japan, a randomized phase III trial is ongoing to evaluate adjuvant chemotherapy of irinotecan and cisplatin, compared with etoposide and cisplatin, for completely resected HGNEC.
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