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MO12 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers III (ID 96)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
MO12.08 - Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) serum levels predict for outcome in patients with Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (SCLC) (ID 2720)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): I. Cañadas
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for approximately 15% of lung cancers. Treatment for SCLC has not changed in recent years and no targeted therapy has shown an increase in survival. We have previouly shown that Met phosphorylation is an adverse prognostic factor in this disease, suggesting a potential interest of Met targeted therapies in the treatment of SCLC patients. The aims of our study were to evaluate serum levels of the Met ligand, the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in patients with SCLC and to assess the correlations with other clinical variables and survival.
This is a prospective study conducted between 2009 and 2012. Serum samples were obtained from patients with SCLC at diagnosis, at first evaluation of response to standard chemotherapy by computerized tomography (CT) and at progression/relapse (first event). HGF levels were assessed by ELISA using the Quantikine commercial kit (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, MN). We evaluated the association between HGF levels and clinical-pathological variables by the Mann-Whitney tests and with survival in univariate (log-rank test) and multivariate analysis (Cox regression), assuming a statistical significance of p <0.05.
Fifty-nine patients were included in this study. Median follow-up was 11 months. Patients’ characteristics are summarized in Table 1. The median serum HGF (range) at diagnosis, response and progression were 1750 pg/ml (651-9853), 1573 pg/ml (593-8518) and 1461 pg/ml (553-12956), respectively. In 72.5% of cases HGF levels decreased after 3 cycles of chemotherapy (platinum+etoposide). From the response time point to progression, 50% patients showed an increase in the HGF levels. The median overall survival (OS) for the entire population was 11,8 months(95% CI 6.4-14.8). The median OS for patients with high basal HGF (above 1750pg/ml) was 7,9 months vs 16,7 months for patients with basal HGF below the median. Patients whose HGF levels increased at progression presented a decreased survival (9,23 months) vs. those with a decrease (15,11 months) (p=0.032). In the multivariate analysis, PS> 1 (HR: 5.57, 95% CI 2.63-11.77 p < 0.001), stage IV (HR: 4.28, 95% CI 1.76-10.44 p = 0.001) and elevated HGF basal levels were independently associated with worse OS (HR: 3.32, 95% CI 1.57-7.03, p =0.002).
N (%) Median age 65.6 (46-86) Gender Male 48 (81.4) Female 11 (18.6) Smoking status Current 40 (67.8) Former 18 (30.5) Never 1 (1.7) Performance status 0-1 44 (74.6) 2-3 15 (25.4) Stage I-III 16 (27.1) IV 43 (72.9)
HGF serum levels at diagnosis and changes during treatment are predictors of survival in patients with SCLC treated with standard first-line chemotherapy.
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P3.05 - Poster Session 3 - Preclinical Models of Therapeutics/Imaging (ID 159)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P3.05-011 - Targeting epithelial to mesenchymal transition with Met inhibitors reverts chemoresistance in small cell lung cancer (ID 2082)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): I. Cañadas
Met receptor phosphorylation is associated with poor prognosis in human SCLC. Several Met inhibitors are being tested for the treatment of different neoplasms. Met activation has been shown to be an inductor of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in a number of tumor models. The aim of our work was to investigate the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/Met induced EMT in SCLC, to evaluate the role of Met inhibition in mesenchymal/chemorefractory SCLC models and to investigate the significance of EMT in human SCLC.
Biological features (growth, invasiveness, tumorogenesis) and chemosensitivity of SCLC models (H69) of HGF-induced EMT (H69M) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo (subcutaneous xenografts in BALB/c nude mice). Mice with mesenchymal chemoresistant SCLC xenografts were treated with etoposide, the Met inhibitor PF-2341066 (Crizotinib) and the combination. Human SCLC samples at diagnosis and relapse were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence for EMT markers and Met status and correlated these with patient outcome. Association between clinical-pathological characteristics were tested with Chi-Square and Fisher tests. Differences in survival according to biomarker status were evaluated by log-rank and Cox regression models, assuming a 2-sided statistical significance p< 0.05.
We identified that the activation of the Met receptor through HGF induced expression of mesenchymal markers (Snail1, SPARC, vimentin) and downregulation of E-cadherin. This derived in increased tumorogenesis, local invasion and chemoresistance in xenograft models. The combination of etoposide and PF-2341066, but not the Met inhibitor alone significantly decreased tumor growth in this chemoresistant/mesenchymal models. Moreover, Snail1, SPARC and vimentin expression in human SCLC specimens (N:87) was significantly associated with Met activation (co-localization by immunofluorescence). Expression of mesenchymal markers predicted worse survival (all p-values <0.05) in the multivariate analysis. In 5 paired biopsies, we observed upregulation of mesenchymal markers and p-Met in chemorefractory disease.
These results provide novel evidence on an important role of Met-dependent EMT in the adverse clinical behavior of SCLC and support clinical trials of Met inhibitors and chemotherapy in this fatal disease.