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MO12 - Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers III (ID 96)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
MO12.05 - A new biomarker Heat shock protein 90 alpha as therapeutic monitor and predictor for lung cancer patients (ID 2628)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): Y. Zhang
Heat shock proteins are a group of proteins termed stress proteins. The family of Hsp90 includes Hsp90α and Hsp90β, but only Hsp90α has been described to be extracellular, and the presence of Hsp90α on cell surface has been shown to correlate with malignancy in cancer patients, especially with the tumor metastasis. However, to the best of our knowledge, no large clinical samples have been reported to verify above standpoint. The aim of the present multicenter clinical study was to evaluate the expression level of Hsp90α in lung cancer patients and whether Hsp90α was monitor and predictor for response to therapy in lung cancer.
A total of 2284 lung cancer patients were enrolled in this study which was randomly assigned into two groups as static and dynamic groups. The static group (2036 samples) consisted of healthy subjects (592 samples), lung cancer (1046 samples), non-cancerous lesions of the lung patients(361 samples ) and other cancer patients(37 samples). Samples of peripheral blood from all subjects were collected in sterile EDTA-K2-coated vials. Whereas the dynamic group included lung cancer patients who received surgical treatment and underwent chemotherapy, with number of above mentioned parts 79 and 169, respectively. For surgical patients, plasma samples were collected at following time points: 3 days before surgery, 3-7 days after surgery and 3 days after clinical efficacy evaluation. Similarly, plasma samples of chemotherapy patients were also collected before treatment, after each chemotherapy cycle until the forth cycle. The concentrations of Hsp90α in plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
The concentration of Hsp90α in lung cancer patients was significantly higher than in other control groups (P <0.05). The cut-off value was 56.33 ng/mL for diagnosis, with high sensitivity and specificity (72.18% and 78.70%, respectively). Advanced lung cancer (stage III-Ⅳ) patients were with higher Hsp90α levels than the early patients(stage I-II) (251.38 ng/ml vs 111.50ng/ml, P<0.001), no significant relationship was found between non-small cell lung cancer（NSCLC,910 samples）patients and small cell lung cancer （SLCL, 136 samples）patients, and patients with adenocarcinoma(537 samples) and squamouscarcinoma (218 samples). Furthermore, a statistically significant association was observed between pre-operative and post-operative patients in surgical patients group (P<0.01). In chemotherapy patients group, Hsp90α level was correlated signiﬁcantly with the effect of treatment [concentration of Hsp90α was higher in progressive disease(PD)group than in partial response(PR)/stable disease(SD) group].
This study firstly developed large clinical samples and elucidated the role of Hsp90α in the lung cancer patients. The cut-off value of 56.33 ng/mL was recommended to assess the expression level of Hsp90α in lung cancer patients. Hsp90α may be a potential biomarker for therapeutic monitor and prediction for lung cancer.
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