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P2.14 - Poster Session 2 - Mesothelioma (ID 196)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Mesothelioma
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P2.14-011 - MesobanK: A UK based bioresource for malignant pleural mesothelioma (ID 1314)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): V. Hughes
Availability of quality assured, fully annotated mesothelioma tissue collected to rigorous standard operating procedures will facilitate better understanding of mesothelioma biology. Currently, few bioresources of mesothelioma tissue exist, the largest being the National Mesothelioma Virtual Bank hosted by the University of Pittsburgh (http://www.mesotissue.org/). A few other clinical/research groups hold fresh tissue from small numbers of mesothelioma patients but these collections are not formally linked and often do not involve collection of tissue and data to Standard Operating Procedures. The British Lung Foundation/Mick Knighton Mesothelioma Research Fund has recently funded MesobanK, a UK based bioresource of malignant mesothelioma tissue samples.
Tissue Microarray: MesobanK will construct a tissue microarray (circa 1000 cases) using historical formalin fixed paraffin embedded blocks of tissue taken at thoracoscopy/surgical resection. Inclusion criteria requires sufficient tissue to permit multiple 0.5 mm cores (to allow for tumour heterogeneity) and a clinical minimum data set. Fresh tissue: Fresh frozen mesothelioma tissue (300 cases over 3 years) will be collected prospectively from multiple centres across the UK together with parallel pleural fluid, whole blood, serum and plasma. Each case will have a detailed anonymised linked clinical data set with follow up data. Cell lines: MesobanK plans to create 20 new fully annotated mesothelioma primary cell lines. The bioresource will be supported by a web-based IT infrastructure for annotating and searching the collection. Clinical data will be collected on each case and supplemented by laboratory and pathology results, Hospital Episode Statistics data and UK Cancer Registry data in order to achieve as complete a data set as possible. MesobanK will follow the Guiding Principles laid out by the NCRI Confederation of Cancer Biobanks and the UK Medical Research Council Operational and Ethical Guidelines on Human Tissue and Biological Materials for Use in Research. It will also be managed within the scope of all relevant regulatory frameworks and quality management/quality assurance systems. In addition, we share the aim of the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) National Biospecimen Network Blueprint: to create a comprehensive framework for sharing and comparing research results through a robust, flexible, scalable and secure bioinformatics system that supports the collection, processing, storage, annotation and distribution of biospecimens and data using standard operating procedures based on best practices. A steering committee will have overall control of MesobanK. An independent scientific advisory board will review applications for samples and advise the steering committee. Prioritisation for access to samples will be based solely on scientific merit. All researchers, whether in the UK National Health Service, universities, charities, government agencies or commercial companies, and whether based in the UK or abroad will be subject to the same application process and approval criteria.
It is anticipated that initial tissue (TMA and cell lines) will be available in 2014.
PL03 - Presidential Symposium Including Top Rated Abstracts (ID 85)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Plenary Session
- Presentations: 1
PL03.03 - MesoVATS: A multi-centre randomised controlled trial of video assisted thoracoscopic pleurectomy versus talc pleurodesis in malignant pleural mesothelioma (ID 2423)
08:15 - 09:45 | Author(s): V. Hughes
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) incidence is increasing and has no known cure. Non randomised studies suggest that video assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) pleurectomy is effective in controlling pleural effusion and may be associated with increased survival compared to talc pleurodesis.
A multicentre randomised controlled trial of VAT pleurectomy versus talc pleurodesis was undertaken for patients > 18 years with any sub-type confirmed or suspected MPM with a pleural effusion who were fit enough to undergo VAT pleurectomy. Exclusion criteria included previous pleurodesis by any approach. Previous malignancy was permitted if there was no evidence of active disease and MPM had been confirmed. Participants were risk stratified using a modified EORTC prognostic scoring system. Talc pleurodesis was performed via tube thoracostomy or by poudrage at thoracoscopy. VAT pleurectomy involved partial parietal pleurectomy and decortication of the visceral pleura, where appropriate, to achieve lung re-expansion. A total of 196 patients was required to show a survival difference at 1 year of 59% (VAT pleurectomy) versus 37% (talc pleurodesis). Ethical approval was granted by Huntingdon, Cambridge (UK) Research Ethics committee: H02/809; ISRCTN: 34321019; ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00821860.
Between 2003 and 2012, 196 patients (120 confirmed, 76 suspected) were randomised across 9 UK centres. 21 cases suspected MPM were subsequently found not to have MPM and excluded (pre-planned in protocol), leaving 87 VAT pleurectomy and 88 talc pleurodesis for the main analysis. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups; overall mean age 69 years, 86% men and 75% had known asbestos exposure. Eighty four per cent showed epithelioid disease, 78% were IMIG stage 3/4 and 49% were high risk as per EORTC criteria. The allocated procedure was completed for 73 (83%) talc and 78 (90%) VAT pleurectomy patients. One year survival rates (primary outcome measure) were 57% for the talc group and 52% in the pleurectomy group (hazard ratio 1.03 (95% CI: 0.76, 1.42), p=0.83). Of the secondary outcome measures, pleural effusion was controlled in 37% of talc and 59% pleurectomy patients at one month (p=0.008) and in 57% of talc and 76% pleurectomy patients at 6 months (p=0.04). At 9 and 12 months control of pleural effusion was similar between groups. Median hospital stay was longer in pleurectomy patients (8 days (range 1-31) vs. 6 (range 1-15), p<0.001) and this group had significantly more complications, predominantly prolonged air leak (26% vs. 8%, p=0.009). Based on patients with complete data there was a significant benefit in EQ5D quality of life at 6 months (mean difference 0.08 (95%CI 0.003,0.16), p=0.042) and 12 months (mean difference 0.19 (95%CI 0.05,0.32), p=0.006) in favour of the pleurectomy group. Adjusting for bias due to missing data prior to death reduced the difference in 12 month EQ5D to 0.09 (95%CI -0.04,0.22), p=0.16.
MesoVATS showed that VAT pleurectomy significantly improved control of pleural effusion versus talc pleurodesis and improved quality of life. However, overall survival was not increased and the pleurectomy group experienced more complications. Subgroup analyses will investigate which patients benefit most from which intervention. Funded by the BUPA Foundation
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