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O09 - General Thoracic Surgery (ID 100)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:G.E. Darling, W. Weder
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Parkside Ballroom B, Level 1
O09.06 - Prognostic factors for long-term survival in non-small cell lung cancer patients with interstitial lung disease (ID 3453)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): J. Jeon
There is little information about prognosis after pulmonary resections for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). In this study, we examined the long-term outcome and the factors that affect long-term survival after resection for NSCLC in patients with ILD.
Between September 1996 and May 2011, 71 NSCLC patients were diagnosed as having ILD based on the CT and pathological findings. The extent of ILD on CT was scored visually at the level of 3 cm above the diaphragm as follows: minimal, <2 cm from the subpleura at the base of the lungs; moderate, >2 cm from the subpleura, but less than one-third of the lung area at the base of the lungs; severe, more than one-third of the lung area at the base of the lungs. Various clinical values such as gender, age, preoperative chemotherapy, severity of ILD on CT, preoperative pulmonary function test results, arterial blood gas studies, operative procedure, pathologic stage, cell type, and adjuvant treatment were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis.
The mean age was 65.9 years, and the majority of patients were male(65:91.5%). In-hospital mortality was 9.9% (7/71). The causes of early mortality included pneumonia (n=4), acute respiratory distress syndrome (n=2), and acute exacerbation of ILD (n=1). The 5-year overall survival rate was 43.1% (stage I: 59.4%, stage II: 41.3%, stage III: 35.0%, respectively). In univariate analysis, the risk factors for long-term mortality were lower preoperative FEV~1~, FVC, severe ILD on CT, presence of pathologic pulmonary fibrosis, and non-squamous cell type. In multivariate analysis, severity of ILD on CT and non-squamous cell type remained as poor prognostic factors.Figure 1
Although patients with ILD undergoing pulmonary resection for NSCLC has resulted in a high in-hospital mortality, long-term survival can be expected in highly selected patients. NSCLC patients with severe ILD on CT findings and those with non-squamous cell type should be carefully selected for major pulmonary resection.
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P3.18 - Poster Session 3 - Pathology (ID 177)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Pathology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P3.18-016 - The usefulness of frozen section diagnosis as for the decision making milestone during the surgery for pulmonary ground glass nodules: embedding medium inflation technique (ID 2946)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): J. Jeon
The appropriate intraoperative decision making of surgical resection for the pulmonary ground glass nodules (GGN) is often difficult. We aimed to evaluate the role of frozen section diagnosis (FSD) as for the intraoperative decision making milestone and compared its accuracy to that of preoperative CT based practice as an interim result.
We retrospectively reviewed FSD of 171 consecutive pulmonary GGN from February 2005 to June 2013 and compared the diagnostic accuracy. Initially, we used only conventional method (Group A) but recently, we adapted a embedding medium inflation method (Group B) for FSD. The qualities of FSD were compared with the final pathologic diagnoses of corresponding permanent paraffin sections. Also, we calculated the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of assessing the size of invasive portion in GGN between FSD using the inflation method and preoperative CT based practice.
There were no differences in nodule sizes between two groups (1.45±0.6 versus 1.51±0.5, p=0.63). In group A, a correct differential diagnosis between malignancies and benign lesions were made in 138 nodules. Thirteen nodules were erroneously classified and reported as false-positive or false-negative frozen section diagnoses (Sensitivity 95.6%, Specificity 53.8%). Three nodules were under-diagnosed in FSD. One patient required a secondary operation because of false-negative frozen diagnosis at the time of initial surgery. In group B, all of 17 nodules were correctly classified by frozen section. There were no false-positive or false-negative diagnoses in terms of making a diagnosis of malignancy, resulting in 100%-sensitivity and -specificity. (Figure 1) Thirteen nodules were correctly classified as being either minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) or invasive adenocarcinoma. Three nodules were diagnosed as MIA by frozen section through measuring invasive tumor size (<5mm) concomitantly. With regards to the estimating the size of invasive components of GGN, FSD in group B was superior to measurement of solid component in GGO nodules on HRCT. (Table 1)Figure 1
The accuracy of FSD using the embedding medium inflation method in GGO nodules was outstanding compared to the conventional frozen method. Furthermore, this method can help surgeons plan the appropriate surgical treatment after wedge resection of a GGO nodule by providing accurate size estimation of the invasive components of the GGN.