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MO09 - Mesothelioma I (ID 120)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:K. Suzuki, S.G. Armato III
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Bayside 204 A+B, Level 2
MO09.03 - A pilot and feasibility trial evaluating two different chemotherapy regimens in combination with intrapleural adenoviral-mediated interferon-alpha (SCH 721015, Ad.hIFN-alpha2b) gene transfer for malignant pleural mesothelioma (ID 3374)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): S. Metzger
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an incurable thoracic neoplasm for which combination chemotherapy offers limited improvement in survival. Novel agents that offer synergy with standard systemic cytotoxic therapy are under investigation. Among these agents are a variety of immunotherapeutics which can be administered either locally or in a systemic fashion.
We conducted a Phase I/II “in situ vaccination” clinical trial commencing in March2011 involving repeated intrapleural administration of a replication-defective recombinant adenoviral vector containing the human interferon-alpha (hIFN-α2b) gene at a dose of 3x10[11 ]viral particles concomitant with a 14-day course of high-dose cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor (Celecoxib). This was followed by standard first-line or second-line chemotherapy agents. Primary outcome measures were safety, overall best response rate, and survival.
We completed accrual (n=25) in the first-line chemotherapy arm, in which all patients received pemetrexed-based chemotherapy regimens. This group included patients who previously received pemetrexed chemotherapy but did not subsequently receive this agent for >6 months. In the second-line chemotherapy arm, 13of a planned 15 subjects have enrolled (with 12 evaluable), all of whom received gemcitabine-based chemotherapy (Table 1). In both arms, the combination of intrapleural Ad.IFN-α2b vector, high-dose celecoxib, and systemic chemotherapy proved safe. Adverse events during the chemotherapy portion of the study were comparable to historical controls.Most patients experienced expected mild toxicities from vector (cytokine release syndrome, interferon production), including nausea, fatigue, anemia, lymphopenia (grade 3-4) and hypoalbuminemia. Serious adverse events included: pleural catheter infection (n=2); hypoxia (n=2); supraventricular tachycardia (n=1); and esophagitis (n=1), none directly attributable to the vector or vector administration. Serial chest CT and PET/CT scans demonstrated an overall response rate of 31% by Modified RECIST criteria and disease control rate (DCR) of 78% (partial and complete responses plus stable disease) at initial follow-up scan after the first two cycles of chemotherapy. Partial responses were seen in 9/25 evaluable patients with pemetrexed-based chemotherapy and 1/12 with gemcitabine. Patients who received first-line pemetrexed-based chemotherapy (n=14) had a median survival of 10.5 months, 95% ci=(5.5,inf), whereas second-line patients (n=21; 12 gemcitabine)had a median survival of 15.0 months, 95% ci=(9.0,inf).
Pem/Platin (N=25) Gemcitabine (N=13) Male % 64% (16/25) 84.6% (11/13) Median Age 67 (51-86) 65 (43-81) Histologic Subtype % Epithelioid - 17 (68%) Biphasic - 4 (17%) Sarcomatoid - 4 (17%) Epithelioid - 11 (84.6%) Biphasic - 2 (15.4%) Sarcomatoid - 0 Stage I - 2 (8%) II - 6 (24%) III - 13 (52%) IV - 4 (16%) III - 4 (30%) IV - 9 (70%) Prior Treatment Chemotherapy - 4 (16%) RP/PDT - 4 (16%) XRT - 5 (20%) Chemotherapy - 13 (100%) RP/PDT - 7 (53%) XRT - 2 (15%) Platin Agent Cisplatin - 12 Carboplatin - 10 Cis-Carbo - 1 None - 2 Cisplatin - 0 Carboplatin - 2 None - 8 Median Cycles of Chemo 6 (1-6) 3 (0-6)
The combination of intrapleural Ad.IFN-α2b vector, Celecoxib, and systemic chemotherapy proved safe. Disease control rates observed in this study compare favorably with historical data andthe especially encouraging OS in the second-line chemotherapy group argue strongly for proceeding with a multi-center randomized clinical trial of chemo-immunogene therapy versus chemotherapy alone.
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P2.07 - Poster Session 2 - Surgery (ID 190)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Surgery
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/29/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P2.07-047 - A New Minimally Invasive Surgical Technique to Access a Fused Pleural Space for Biopsy, Gene Therapy or Other Novel Intrapleural Therapeutics - A Report of 34 Patients (ID 3323)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): S. Metzger
Gene therapy has shown promise as a novel treatment for pleural mesothelioma. This treatment requires intrapleural placement of a catheter, a routine procedure if a patient has an effusion. After surgery or pleurodesis, however, the pleural space will be fused and access can be difficult. Previously these patients were excluded from gene therapy. The objective of this study was to develop a minimally invasive technique that would allow placement of a catheter into a fused pleural space.
Over the past 50 months 34 patients with fused chest cavities were enrolled in a gene therapy clinical trial. Utilizing a videoscopic saphenous vein-harvesting device, a new surgical technique was developed to safely create a space in the chest cavity for biopsy of tumor, creation of space to accommodate vector instillation and placement of a tunneled catheter. Often the procedure required tunneling directly between the lung and the chest wall, where there was no visible disease, in order to access a pleural nodule that was detectable on CT scan. In every case this procedure was performed through a single 15 mm incision (fig 1). Figure 1 Figure 1 a) The videoscopic saphenous vein tunneling device b) The device in use – not transillumination in the chest approximately 10cm distal to the incision c) Closure of the single video port with the catheter emerging from a proximally tunneled site
All 34 patients had successful catheter placement, with 27 as outpatients. The only surgical complication was a transient air leak in 1 patient requiring overnight admission. 5 patients were admitted for urinary retention and 1 for resumption of anticoagulation. One patient had a local wound infection at the catheter site requiring readmission and 2 more were treated as outpatients, all clearing with antibiotics. All patients received gene therapy.
This technique represents a safe, effective and minimally invasive way to access a fused pleural space. This technique has proven useful in extending eligibility for pleural mesothelioma gene therapy, but could be used to safely access a fused pleural space for any purpose. This would include obtaining a biopsy in a patient who had undergone pleurodesis without an established diagnosis or placement of a catheter for any type of intrapleural therapeutic.