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MO08 - NSCLC - Early Stage (ID 117)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:K. Nakagawa, J. Douillard
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Bayside Gallery B, Level 1
MO08.10 - Efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy for lung adenocarcinoma patients with pleural lavage cytology positive findings. (ID 174)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): H. Ogawa
Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered to be a prognostic factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. There has been no report describing the relationship between adjuvant chemotherapy and the presence of PLC.Backgroud: Pleural lavage cytology (PLC) is considered to be a prognostic factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. There has been no report describing the relationship between adjuvant chemotherapy and the presence of PLC.
From January 2000 to December 2009, we retrospectively reviewed the medical record of lung adenocarcinoma patients who underwent tumor resection and were positive for PLC immediately after thoracotomy.
There were 53 patients (4.8%) out of 1114 lung adenocarcinoma patients had PLC positive findings, including 31 male and 22 female patients, with a mean age of 66.6 years. Median follow up period was 33.6 months. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered intravenously to 24 patients and they were classified as adjuvant chemotherapy group. The rest of 29 patients were classified as surgery alone group. Pathological stage of I / II / III was 12 (41%) / 8 (28%) / 9 (31%) in surgery alone group and 7 (36%) / 8 (30%) / 9 (38%) in adjuvant chemotherapy group. The regimen of chemotherapy was as follows; 8 patients received cisplatin plus gemcitabine, 7 patients received carboplatin plus paclitaxel, 7 patients received gemcitabine, and 2 patients received others. 5-year survival rate was 50.3% and 29.7% (p=0.09) and 5-year recurrence free survival rate was 34.6% and 15.7% (p<0.01) in adjuvant chemotherapy group and surgery alone group. Even in stage I cases, there was a tendency that adjuvant chemotherapy group had better 5-year recurrence free survival than surgery alone group (60.1% and 29% p=0.11). In the COX proportional hazard multivariate analysis for recurrence free survival revealed that adjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio (HR) 0.45, p=0.03), tumor size >30mm (HR 2.23, p=0.02), and lymph node metastasis (HR 2.67, p<0.01) were significant independent prognostic factors.Figure 1
Adjuvant chemotherapy was considered to be effective for PLC positive lung adenocarcinoma patients. Even in stage I cases, our results implicated that adjuvant chemotherapy was beneficial.
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