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MO08 - NSCLC - Early Stage (ID 117)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:K. Nakagawa, J. Douillard
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Bayside Gallery B, Level 1
MO08.01 - First analysis of toxicity and treament compliance in customized postoperative chemotherapy based on BRCA1 levels after NSCLC resection: SCAT (Spanish Customized Adjuvant Therapy) trial. Spanish Lung Cancer Group/GECP (ID 2454)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): J.M. Sanchez
Customization is feasible in adjuvant setting (tissue availability). SCAT trial has completed planned recruitment with 500 p. For resected NSCLC with nodal involvement adjuvant platinum-based CT improves outcomes but survival remains suboptimal. Compliance may be a key issue for efficacy in adjuvant setting. mRNA BRCA1 levels are prognostic in early NSCLC and could be a predictive marker for CT activity. In advanced disease patients with low BRCA1 benefit from cisplatin doublets meanwhile p with high levels attained longer survival with taxanes.
Phase III trial testing 4 cycles non-selected vs customized adjuvant CT. Entry criteria: NSCLC, R0 resection, pN1 or pN2, KI > 70, recovered from surgery, adequate hematologic, renal and liver functions, no prior CT or RT, age > 18 y, informed consent. Stratification: N1 vs N2, histology (squamous vs non-squamous), resection (lobectomy vs pneumonectomy). Central lab mRNA BRCA1 levels and quartile distribution. Primary end-point: OS. Secondary end-points: DFS, toxicity, recurrence pattern. Design: R: 1:3. Control treatment: Cis-Docetaxel (CD). Experimental arm: Q1: Cis-Gemcitabine (CG); Q2-3: Cis-Docetaxel; Q4: Docetaxel (D). PORT in pN2 patients. Compliance treatment and toxicity profile analyzed by arm and correlation with potential prognostic factors explored
500 included p; 108 control arm, 392 experimental arm. Median follow-up 18.6 m (2-59 m). Median mRNA BRCA1 levesl 15.78 (0.73-132) Q1 212 (42.4%), Q2-3 150 (30%), Q4 138 (27.6%). Mean BRCA1: Adenocarcinoma: 8.45 vs Squamous 19.6 (p< 0.001). Overall low levels BRCA1: 43.8%. EGFR mut 5.6% 297 p evaluated for compliance planned adjuvant treatment: M/F ratio: 82.5/17.5%. Median age: 62 (range 36-80). PS 0/1/2: 55.9/43,1/1%. Histology: Adenocarcinoma 47.5%, Squamous 44.1%. Stages: IIA/IIB/IIIA: 11.1/38.4/50.2%. Surgical procedure: Lobectomy 72.1%; Pneumonectomy 27.9%.. Toxicity. G3-4 AE: Neutropenic fever: CD 10% vs D 4.4% vs CG 0%. (p=0.0056); Nausea/vomits: CG 11.1% vs CD 10.4% vs D 0%. (p=0.0198); Hypersensitivity: D 5.97% (NS). Dose-reduction: 34.24% control vs 18.30% experimental (p=0.0044). Full 4 cycles CT compliance: CD control 80.83%, CG 91.2%, CD experimental 79.2%, D 88.1% (p=0.052). No differences in dose-reductions. CT compliance lobectomy 86.4% vs 85.5% pneumonectomy (NS). CT compliante < 70 y 91.1% vs 66.6% > 70 y (p<0.01)PORT compliance 55.31% of planned cases.
Planned trial recruitment achieved with median f-u 18.6 m. Majority of resected NSCLC showed low levels expression BRCA1. Adenocarcinoma lower levels than Squamous. Safety profiles differences observed between treatment schedules: neutropenic fever (CD), nausea/vomits (CG). Customized treatment requires less dose-reductions. Trend to poor compliance with Cis-Doc. No relation between extensión of surgery and adjuvant Tx compliance . Compliance CT significantly lower for age > 70 y. Low compliance for PORT.
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P3.01 - Poster Session 3 - Cancer Biology (ID 147)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Poster Session
- Track: Biology
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 10/30/2013, 09:30 - 16:30, Exhibit Hall, Ground Level
P3.01-015 - <b>Outcome in pemetrexed/cisplatin-treated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients according to mRNA expression levels of BRCA1, TS, AEG1 and REV3 </b> (ID 1170)
09:30 - 16:30 | Author(s): J.M. Sanchez
REV3, the catalytic subunit of the translesion synthesis (TLS) polymerase x, can continue replication past DNA adducts. Depletion of REV3 sensitizes A549 lung cancer cells to cisplatin. REV3 expression is part of a gene signature that predicted pemetrexed sensitivity in 17 NSCLC cell lines. BRCA1, TS, AEG1 and RAP80 are involved in DNA damage repair through homologous recombination. The homologous recombination and TLS pathways have non-redundant functions in response to cisplatin. We hypothesized that low mRNA expression of these genes – either alone or in combination – could confer improved outcome to cisplatin/pemetrexed in NSCLC patients.
REV3, BRCA1, RAP80, TS and AEG1 mRNA expression was examined by quantitative RT-PCR and categorized by terciles. Expression of each gene was correlated with outcome in 47 cisplatin/pemetrexed-treated NSCLC patients.
63.8% male; 47% smokers; 80.9% ECOG PS 1; 80.8% adenocarcinoma. Overall response rate was 51%, with no differences according to expression levels of any of the genes. Progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with low, intermediate and high BRCA1 levels was 13.4, 5.5 and 3.9 months (m), respectively (P=0.005). Similar differences in PFS were observed according to TS (P=0.003) and AEG1 (P<0.001) expression. The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS for patients with high BRCA1 levels was 4 (P=0.002). Overall survival (OS) for patients with low, intermediate and high BRCA1 levels was 29.7, 7.4 and 6.3 m, respectively (P=0.05). Similar differences in OS were observed according to TS (P=0.005) and AEG1 (P=0.001) expression. HR for OS for patients with high BRCA1 levels was 3.6 (P=0.004). There were no differences in PFS or OS according to REV3 or RAP80 levels. However, the joint effect of BRCA1 and REV3 was significant for predictive modeling. PFS for patients with low, intermediate and high levels of both genes was 14.9, 7.2 and 2.8 m, respectively (P=0.001). OS for patients with low, intermediate and high levels of both genes was 29.7, 7.8 and 6.3 m, respectively (P=0.04).
Low BRCA1 expression predicts longer PFS and OS in pemetrexed/cisplatin-treated NSCLC p. Low TS and AEG1 levels have similar predictive value. The combination of low BRCA1 and REV3 expression confers longer PFS and OS. Analysis of these genes could be useful for customizing pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy.