Virtual Library

Start Your Search

J. Valdivia



Author of

  • +

    MO08 - NSCLC - Early Stage (ID 117)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      MO08.01 - First analysis of toxicity and treament compliance in customized postoperative chemotherapy based on BRCA1 levels after NSCLC resection: SCAT (Spanish Customized Adjuvant Therapy) trial. Spanish Lung Cancer Group/GECP (ID 2454)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): J. Valdivia

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      Customization is feasible in adjuvant setting (tissue availability). SCAT trial has completed planned recruitment with 500 p. For resected NSCLC with nodal involvement adjuvant platinum-based CT improves outcomes but survival remains suboptimal. Compliance may be a key issue for efficacy in adjuvant setting. mRNA BRCA1 levels are prognostic in early NSCLC and could be a predictive marker for CT activity. In advanced disease patients with low BRCA1 benefit from cisplatin doublets meanwhile p with high levels attained longer survival with taxanes.

      Methods
      Phase III trial testing 4 cycles non-selected vs customized adjuvant CT. Entry criteria: NSCLC, R0 resection, pN1 or pN2, KI > 70, recovered from surgery, adequate hematologic, renal and liver functions, no prior CT or RT, age > 18 y, informed consent. Stratification: N1 vs N2, histology (squamous vs non-squamous), resection (lobectomy vs pneumonectomy). Central lab mRNA BRCA1 levels and quartile distribution. Primary end-point: OS. Secondary end-points: DFS, toxicity, recurrence pattern. Design: R: 1:3. Control treatment: Cis-Docetaxel (CD). Experimental arm: Q1: Cis-Gemcitabine (CG); Q2-3: Cis-Docetaxel; Q4: Docetaxel (D). PORT in pN2 patients. Compliance treatment and toxicity profile analyzed by arm and correlation with potential prognostic factors explored

      Results
      500 included p; 108 control arm, 392 experimental arm. Median follow-up 18.6 m (2-59 m). Median mRNA BRCA1 levesl 15.78 (0.73-132) Q1 212 (42.4%), Q2-3 150 (30%), Q4 138 (27.6%). Mean BRCA1: Adenocarcinoma: 8.45 vs Squamous 19.6 (p< 0.001). Overall low levels BRCA1: 43.8%. EGFR mut 5.6% 297 p evaluated for compliance planned adjuvant treatment: M/F ratio: 82.5/17.5%. Median age: 62 (range 36-80). PS 0/1/2: 55.9/43,1/1%. Histology: Adenocarcinoma 47.5%, Squamous 44.1%. Stages: IIA/IIB/IIIA: 11.1/38.4/50.2%. Surgical procedure: Lobectomy 72.1%; Pneumonectomy 27.9%.. Toxicity. G3-4 AE: Neutropenic fever: CD 10% vs D 4.4% vs CG 0%. (p=0.0056); Nausea/vomits: CG 11.1% vs CD 10.4% vs D 0%. (p=0.0198); Hypersensitivity: D 5.97% (NS). Dose-reduction: 34.24% control vs 18.30% experimental (p=0.0044). Full 4 cycles CT compliance: CD control 80.83%, CG 91.2%, CD experimental 79.2%, D 88.1% (p=0.052). No differences in dose-reductions. CT compliance lobectomy 86.4% vs 85.5% pneumonectomy (NS). CT compliante < 70 y 91.1% vs 66.6% > 70 y (p<0.01)PORT compliance 55.31% of planned cases.

      Conclusion
      Planned trial recruitment achieved with median f-u 18.6 m. Majority of resected NSCLC showed low levels expression BRCA1. Adenocarcinoma lower levels than Squamous. Safety profiles differences observed between treatment schedules: neutropenic fever (CD), nausea/vomits (CG). Customized treatment requires less dose-reductions. Trend to poor compliance with Cis-Doc. No relation between extensión of surgery and adjuvant Tx compliance . Compliance CT significantly lower for age > 70 y. Low compliance for PORT.

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.