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S. Jewell



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    MO07 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies II (ID 114)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO07.08 - The frequency and impact of ROS1-rearrangement on clinical outcomes in never-smokers with lung adenocarcinoma (ID 1253)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): S. Jewell

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      To determine the frequency and predictive impact of ROS1-rearrangements on treatment outcomes in never-smoker patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

      Methods
      We concurrently analyzed ROS1- and ALK- rearrangements and mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and KRAS in 208 never-smokers with lung adenocarcinoma. ROS1- and ALK- rearrangements were identified by fluorescent in situ hybridization.

      Results
      Of 208 tumors screened, seven (3.4%) were ROS1-rearranged, and 15 (7.2%) were ALK-rearranged. CD74-ROS1 fusions were identified in two patients using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. The frequency of ROS1-rearrangement was 5.7% (6/105) among EGFR/KRAS/ALK-negative patients. Patients with ROS1-rearrangement had a higher objective response rate (ORR; 60.0 vs. 8.5%; P=0.01) and a longer median progression-free survival (PFS; not reached vs. 3.3 months; P=0.008) to pemetrexed than those without ROS1/ALK-rearrangement. The PFS to EGFR-TKIs in patients harboring ROS1-rearrangement was shorter than those without ROS1/ALK rearrangement (2.5 vs. 7.8 months; P=0.01).

      Conclusion
      The frequency of ROS1-rearrangements in clinically selected patients is higher than that reported for unselected patients, suggesting that ROS1-rearrangement is a druggable target in East-Asian never-smokers with lung adenocarcinoma. Given the different treatment outcomes to conventional therapies and availability of ROS1 inhibitors, identification of ROS1-rearrangement can lead to successful treatment in ROS1-rearranged lung adenocarcinomas.

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