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MO07 - NSCLC - Targeted Therapies II (ID 114)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:T. John, J.W. Riess
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Bayside Auditorium B, Level 1
MO07.01 - Clinical benefit of continuing crizotinib beyond initial disease progression in patients with advanced <em>ALK</em>-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (ID 2843)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): D.P. Cohen
Crizotinib is approved multinationally to treat advanced ALK-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Most patients with crizotinib-treated ALK-positive NSCLC ultimately develop progressive disease (PD). We investigated whether continuing ALK inhibition beyond PD is clinically beneficial and the clinicopathologic characteristics associated with patients who experience clinical benefit.
Patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC enrolled in two ongoing multicenter, single-arm trials (the molecularly enriched expansion cohort of the phase I trial PROFILE 1001 and the phase II trial PROFILE 1005) who developed RECIST-defined PD were allowed to continue crizotinib if, in the investigator's opinion, they were deriving ongoing clinical benefit. In the present retrospective analyses, continuation of crizotinib beyond PD (CBPD) was defined as >3 weeks of crizotinib treatment after PD documentation. Baseline and post-progression characteristics, sites of PD, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were compared in patients who continued CBPD versus those who did not. The impact of continuing CBPD on OS after adjusting for potential confounding factors was assessed.
Among 194 crizotinib-treated patients with RECIST-defined PD, 120 (62%) continued CBPD. A higher proportion of patients who continued CBPD responded to initial crizotinib treatment (74% vs. 55%), had an ECOG performance status of 0/1 at PD (96% vs. 82%), and had brain (56% vs. 28%) and/or bone (20% vs. 9%) as sites of PD compared with patients who did not continue CBPD. CBPD patients also had numerically longer median PFS from initial crizotinib treatment (7.3 months vs. 5.7 months) and significantly longer OS from the time of PD (median 16.4 months vs. 3.9 months; HR, 0.27; 95% CI: 0.17−0.42; P<0.0001; Figure 1). Multiple-covariate Cox regression analysis revealed that CBPD remained significantly associated with improved OS post-PD after adjusting for relevant factors. Figure 1. OS of patients who continued CBPD versus those who did not, from the time of PD. Shaded areas are 95% Hall-Wellner confidence bands. Figure 1
Continuing ALK inhibition after PD may provide survival benefit to a majority of patients with advanced ALK-positive NSCLC. Prolonged PFS on initial crizotinib, good performance status at PD, and progression in brain and/or bone are characteristics that were commonly found in patients who benefited from continued ALK inhibition.
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