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L. Leon

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    MO06 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy I (ID 108)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO06.12 - Efficacy and safety of paclitaxel and carboplatin with bevacizumab for the first-line treatment of patients with nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): analyses based on age in the phase 3 PointBreak and E4599 trials (ID 2879)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): L. Leon

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      A post hoc analysis of NSCLC patients (pts) aged ≥70 y in the pivotal E4599 trial found increased adverse events (AEs) and numerically decreased overall survival (OS) benefit associated with bevacizumab (BEV) compared with pts <70 y. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of BEV by age in pts in a pooled dataset from the E4599 and PointBreak (PB) trials.

      Pts randomized to the PC (paclitaxel and carboplatin ) + BEV arms of E4599 and PB received P 200 mg/m[2], C AUC 6, and BEV 15 mg/kg q3w for 6 (E4599) or 4 (PB) cycles; Eligible pts received maintenance BEV alone q3w until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. OS, progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and safety were assessed in pts grouped according to age (<65 y, 65–74 y, 70–74 y, <75 y, and ≥75 y). Pt-level data from the PC + BEV arms of E4599 and PB were pooled and compared with data from pts in the PC-alone arm of E4599.

      PB and E4599 randomized 467 pts and 434 pts to PC + BEV, respectively, while 444 were randomized to receive PC alone on E4599. Baseline characteristics were balanced between age groups. OS and PFS hazard ratios (HRs) and increases in grade ≥3 AEs for the pooled pt cohort relative to E4599 PC-alone arm are shown (Table). Outcomes were similar in pts <70 y and ≥70 y, and data from the pooled population were similar to those seen in each individual trial (data not shown). ORR for pts <75 y was 39% with PC + BEV vs 26% with PC (P<.01). For pts ≥75 y, ORR was 33% vs 30% (P=.71). DCR in pts <75 y was 70% with PC + BEV vs 53% with PC (P<.01). For pts ≥75 y, DCR was 60% vs 67% (P=.37).

      In a pooled exploratory analysis of pt data from E4599 and PB, the statistically significant benefit associated with the addition of BEV to PC appeared consistent across all age groups <75y, while pts ≥75 y receiving PC + BEV had no statistically significant survival benefit. Pts receiving PC + BEV had an increase in grade ≥3 AEs compared with pts receiving PC-alone in all age groups.

      PB + E4599 <65 y n=735 65–74 y n=453 70–74 y n=203 <75 y n=1188 ≥75 y n=157
      HR for OS 95% CI P 0.75 0.62–0.89 <.01 0.80 0.64–1.00 .05 0.68 0.48–0.96 .03 0.78 0.68–0.89 <.01 1.05 0.70–1.57 .83
      HR for PFS 95% CI P 0.71 0.60–0.85 <.01 0.62 0.49–0.78 <.01 0.68 0.48–0.96 .03 0.69 0.60–0.79 <.01 0.95 0.62–1.44 .80
      E4599 n=499 n=277 n=129 n=776 n=102
      Δ Grade ≥3 AEs,[a ]% P 13 <.01 21 <.01 23 <.01 15 <.01 25 <.01
      [a]Relative to PC-alone arm.

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