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MO06 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy I (ID 108)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:R. Perez-Soler, P.M. Ellis
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Parkside Ballroom A, Level 1
MO06.08 - A phase 2 randomized open-label study of ramucirumab (IMC 1121B; RAM) in combination with first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients (pts) with recurrent or advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): final results from non-squamous (NSQ) pts (NCT01160744) (ID 1471)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): M. Reck
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis plays an important role in NSCLC pathogenesis. RAM is a human IgG1 monoclonal receptor targeted antibody that inhibits VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) binding and signaling. This study investigates RAM in combination with first-line platinum-pemetrexed chemotherapy in advanced NSCLC.
Eligible patients had Stage IIIb/IV NSCLC, ECOG PS ≤ 2, and no prior chemotherapy or VEGF/VEGFR therapy for metastatic disease. Non-squamous (NSQ) pts with advanced NSCLC were randomized 1:1 to either Arm A: pemetrexed + carboplatin/cisplatin (PEM + Cb/Cis) followed by PEM maintenance or Arm B: Ramucirumab 10 mg/kg + pemetrexed + carboplatin or cisplatin (RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis), followed by RAM + PEM maintenance once every 3 weeks. Patients received the first-line therapy from 4 to 6 cycles (21-day cycle); patients without evidence of disease progression entered a maintenance phase. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), overall survival (OS), change in tumor size, duration of response, and safety.
From Oct 2010 to 2012, 140 pts were randomized (PEM + Cb/Cis: 71; RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis: 69). Overall, baseline patient characteristics were balanced between arms. The median PFS was 5.6 m PEM + Cb/Cis and 7.2 m for RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis; HR 0.75 (90% CI, 0.55, 1.03; p =0.132). ORR (CR + PR) was 38% for PEM + Cb/Cis and 49.3% including one complete response in the RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis arm (p=0.18). Disease control rate (CR + PR + SD) was 70% PEM + Cb/Cis and 86% for RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis ( p = 0.031). Median OS at the time of final PFS analysis was 10.4 m for PEM + Cb/Cis and 13.9 m for RAM + PEM + Cb/Cis; HR 0.83 (90% CI, 0.56, 1.22; p=0.43). Grade ≥ 3 adverse events (AEs) occurring in >10% of patients on RAM containing arm were: anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, nausea, fatigue, back pain, and hypertension.
While the primary endpoint of significant prolongation of PFS was not met, RAM has evidence of clinical activity in combination with PEM + Cb/Cis in patients with NSQ NSCLC. Addition of RAM to PEM + Cb/Cis did not result in excessive or unexpected toxicity.
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