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A. Borgmeier



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    MO06 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy I (ID 108)

    • Event: WCLC 2013
    • Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
    • Track: Medical Oncology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MO06.07 - Daily administration of oral vinorelbine: data from a phase I trial in patients with advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 2395)

      16:15 - 17:45  |  Author(s): A. Borgmeier

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background
      Metronomic regimens, in which small, frequent doses of chemotherapy are administered, have been suggested to lower treatment-associated toxicities while maintaining, or even improving, efficacy. The high frequency of administration aims to expose tumour cells continuously to the drug, preventing recovery between cycles and possibly improving tumour control. We present the clinical and pharmacokinetic data of a phase I dose finding study in which the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of daily oral vinorelbine was determined in pretreated patients with advanced NSCLC.

      Methods
      Patients (pts) were treated daily with oral vinorelbine (Navelbine® Oral) at fixed doses of 20 mg/d, 30 mg/d, 40 mg/d or 50 mg/d for 21 days of each four-week cycle. Blood sampling for pharmacokinetic assessment was carried out in the first cycle just before drug intake (trough concentrations) on days 1, 8, 15 and 21 and additionally at 1 h, 3 h and 24 h after drug intake on days 1 and 21.

      Results
      Daily administration of oral vinorelbine was well tolerated up to 30 mg/d without any dose limiting toxicities (DLT). At 40 mg one of three patients experienced DLT in cycle 1 and another patient in cycle 2. The MTD was reached at 50 mg/d when three out of six pts experienced DLT in cycle one. The reported DLTs included febrile and non-febrile neutropenia (6 DLTs) as well as fatigue (1 DLT). One patient had an exceptionally good clinical response with a long-lasting tumour remission. Twenty-one pts were evaluable for pharmacokinetic analysis. Blood concentrations of vinorelbine increased with escalating dose levels. Pts were continuously exposed to the drug over the 21-day treatment period as indicated by measurable trough concentrations on days 8, 15 and 21. A slight accumulation of vinorelbine was observed until day 8 based on residual concentrations (ratio c~24h ~ranged 1.96-2.03 between day 1 and either day 8, 15 or 21). The accumulation had no impact on global exposure at repeated dosing, as only minor differences in blood concentrations were detected between day 1 and day 21 (ratio d21/d1 median AUC~0h-24h~: 0.81, 0.92, 1.07, 0.56 at 20 mg/d, 30 mg/d, 40 mg/d and 50 mg/d, respectively). Data on four pts experiencing DLT were available (1 pt at 40 mg/d, 3 pts at 50 mg/d). Only one DLT correlated with an evidently high 24 h blood exposure to vinorelbine.

      Conclusion
      The recommended dose for daily administration of oral vinorelbine is 30 mg in cycle 1 followed by 40 mg in subsequent cycles in the absence of DLT. Further studies are necessary to determine the clinical impact, and possible anti-angiogenic profile of the daily administration schedule of vinorelbine.

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