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MO06 - NSCLC - Chemotherapy I (ID 108)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Mini Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Medical Oncology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:R. Perez-Soler, P.M. Ellis
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 16:15 - 17:45, Parkside Ballroom A, Level 1
MO06.01 - Clinical features of patients with non small cell lung cancer who harbor EGFR mutation and present with miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis (ID 1744)
16:15 - 17:45 | Author(s): G.H. Yoo
It is reported that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is frequent in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who are presenting with miliary intrapulmonary carcinomatosis. We often encountered disseminated carcinomatosis as well as intrapulmonary carcinomatosis. This study aims to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis.
Patients with advanced NSCLC who harbor EGFR mutation and presented with miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis were enrolled respectively, from September 2005 to January 2011. EGFR mutations in exons 18-21 were confirmed by pyroseqeuncing method after genomic DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue specimens. Clinical characteristics, responses to treatment and outcome were collected from medical records.
Histology of sixty-four patients with NSCLC who have EGFR mutation revealed adenocarcinoma. The most frequent mutation was in-frame deletions in exon 19 (n=44, 68.7%). An arginine-for-leucine substitution at amino acid 858 (L858R) and point mutation in exon 18 (G719A) were detected in 19 (29.7%) and 1 (1.7%) patient, respectively. Patients with miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis were more common in female (80.0% vs. 55.1%, p=0.084), non smoker (80.0% vs. 53.1%, p=0.063), and in-frame deletions at exon 19 (86.7% vs. 63.3%, p=0.087), however there were no significant difference statistically. They showed relatively shorter progression free survival (PFS) to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (median PFS 9.7 vs, 12.8 months, p=0.003) and poorer overall survival (median OS 15.9 vs. 29.0 months, p=0.077) compared to patients without miliary metastasis. In multivariate analysis, higher metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in PET-CT was confirmed to be an independent predictor of shorter overall survival, when considered together with tumor stage, gender and smoking status (hazard ratio for MTV: 1.001; p = 0.027).
The data indicate that NSCLC presenting miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis were more common in female, adenocarcinoma, non smoker and in-frame deletions in exon 19 was comparatively frequently detected in those patients, however there were no statistically significant difference. PFS to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors was less in patients with miliary intrapulmonary or disseminated carcinomatosis and overall survival was poorer compared to patients without miliary metastasis. Poor clinical course of these patients might be associated with high tumor burden represented by metabolic tumor volume or total lesion glycolysis.