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O05 - Cancer Control (ID 130)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Prevention & Epidemiology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:N. Van Zandwijk, A. McWilliams
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside Auditorium A, Level 1
O05.07 - COPD-based eligibility increases lung cancer detection rate and lowers over-diagnosis in CT screening studies (ID 1721)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): D. Aberle
Based on a 20% reduction in lung cancer deaths in the CT screening arm of the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), yearly CT screening for lung cancer is now widely recommended. Eligibility for the NLST was based on age and smoking history only. However, we and others propose that multivariate risk models of lung cancer that incorporate variables for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), improve risk prediction for lung cancer. The aim of this study was to examine recently published CT screening studies for lung cancer and the effect of having COPD on outcome.
We searched the literature for CT screening studies of lung cancer where spirometry had been done at baseline to assess the effects of spirometry-defined COPD on outcomes. We identified six studies where there was published data reporting spirometry results in lung cancer screening studies. Using this data we objectively measured outcomes stratified or pre-selected on spirometry-defined COPD.
By comparing outcomes in these single arm and randomized studies we found the following lung cancer detection rates were between 1.5 to 6 fold higher in current and former smokers eligible for screening with spirometry-defined COPD compared to those with no airflow limitation or normal lungs (Table 1). Only 15% of those screened had advanced stage COPD (GOLD 3-4) The proportion of eligible current or former smokers with COPD had less indolent lung cancers with long doubling times (Table 2), and Survival after surgical resection of early stage CT-detected lung cancers was no different between those with or without COPD at baseline screening. Figure 1 Figure 2
We conclude that a COPD-centric approach to lung cancer screening offers a more efficient means of identifying lung cancer (higher lung cancer detection rate), with less over-diagnosis and comparable outcomes to screening those without COPD.
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