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O05 - Cancer Control (ID 130)
- Event: WCLC 2013
- Type: Oral Abstract Session
- Track: Prevention & Epidemiology
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:N. Van Zandwijk, A. McWilliams
- Coordinates: 10/28/2013, 10:30 - 12:00, Bayside Auditorium A, Level 1
O05.06 - Resource utilization and costs of screening high-risk individuals for lung cancer in Canada (ID 1520)
10:30 - 12:00 | Author(s): I. Cromwell
In September 2008 the Pan-Canadian early lung detection of lung cancer study recruited 2537 current or former smokers who were determined to have a high risk of developing lung cancer. An economic analysis was conducted to estimate the potential costs and benefits of screening with the aim of knowledge translation and decision aid for provincial screening programs. An analysis of prospectively collected resource utilization and cost data is presented.
Screening costs have been determined, accounting for the cost of all resources utilized to confirm true negative and false positive screen tests as well as early stage treatment costs for resources applied to obtain diagnostic confirmation of true positive and false negative results for screened individuals, treat the primary disease and any subsequent lung cancer within three years. All costs have been calculated from the Canadian public payer’s perspective. The average CT-screening cost over a fixed period of 18 months for the pan-Canadian study participants who did not have cancer was determined and compared with the phase specific costs of true positive and false negative lung cancer screening participants who had a lung cancer diagnosis proven prior to Dec. 31, 2012. The costs for early-detected lung cancer were determined and presented by diagnosis, treatment and surveillance phases of care.
The average cost per screened individuals who did not end up having cancer in the first two years of the study was $456 (95%CI: $385-$570) per-person. The average rate of non-invasive investigations to pursue suspicious CT findings was 49% (CI: 45%-54%); depending significantly on the follow-up protocol observed in different participating sites. The rate of invasive investigations for individuals who had true negative or false positive results was low (<0.4%) as was the rate of complication (<0.004%). 85 individuals had lung cancer detected and diagnosed prior to December 31, 2012. The average cost of screening and the subsequent diagnostic workup for the most common detected lung cancer (stage IA and IB non-small cell lung cancer) was $4,233 (95%CI: $3,643-$4,822) per person. Per-person treatment and surveillance costs are presented by stage and mode of treatment for 84 lung cancers found in the early detection study.
This information indicates that screening costs are low on average, as are the rates of complications in the screened individuals that do not receive a cancer diagnosis in the first two years of screening. These numbers arrive while Canadian and other national healthcare systems must manage the impacts of several private, opportunistic, lung-screening clinics that are already operational. This study is sponsored by the Terry Fox Research Institute and the Canadian Partnership against Cancer
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